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2014年烟台市初中学生学业考试
  发布者:学科专家   来源:网络  发布时间:2014-06-27

英语试题

 

二、基础知识运用

21______ honest man he is! 

  A. What           B. What an            C. How           D. How an

22Oh, your shirt is the same_________.

  A. as me         B. with her         C. with mine        D. as hers

23---How long may I ____ your dictionary?    ---For one week. But it mustnt ______ to others.

  A. keep, be lent       B. borrow, lend          C. lend, be borrowed        D. have, borrow

24Learning Chinese really________ my mind to the Chinese world.  

  A. called up        B. turned up         C. opened up         D. made up

25---Would you please tell me the way to the Pacific Hotel?  ---Go______ the post office, and you will find it on the left.

  A. pass        B. past      C. to pass         D. passed

26You look tired. Youd better______ a good rest. 

  A. stop to have         B. stop having        C. to stop to have         D. to stop having

27---How many girls are there in your class?    ---______ them_____ over twenty.

  A. A numb er of, are    B. The number of, are      C. A number of, is      D. The number of, is

28---Can you come on Monday or Tuesday, Scott?   ---Im afraid_____ possible. Ill be on business on those two days.

  A. either          B. neither         C. every        D. each

29Father wont allow me to play outside_______ I wash up the dishes.

  A. if not        B. if          C. unless          D. because

30---Would you mind not_____ noise? Alice is sleeping.     ---Sorry, I didnt know. I________ she was awake.

  A. make, think          B. making, thought         C. making, think       D. make, thought

三、完形填空

     Friends play an important role in our life. Most people hope that their friends will always be there. They _31____ friendship to last forever. _32___, even the best friendship can end.

     As time goes by,  many friendships end because of a(n) 33______ in personality or way of life. The friendship slowly loses importance and finally__34_____.

     Tommy wrote, “I didn’t even know the friendship was over until I caught myself thinking of Alan as a former friend.”

     Peter explained. “We _35____ seeing each other less and less. The friendship was just over.”

     Sometimes friendships__36____ suddenly from a disagreement or move to another place.

     Alice said,  “The end of our friendship was a gradual thing. I moved from one side of the city to the other. Since then we __37___ made a phone call. We met less and less. At last our friendship ended.”

     Jack said, “ When I moved to Seattle after college, our friendship died. Both of us were always_38___ with new jobs, so we didn’t keep __39___ touch with each other. Our friendship was so dead that I didn’t call him__40___ I went home.”

     Yet the biggest problem to a friendship is change. Lillian Rubin in her book Just Friends say, “Generally it’s___41___ that friends will accept each other if they both remain what they were when they met, or change in similar directions. If they change or grow in different ways, the friendship most likely__42____ lost.”

     No matter why, when, or how friendships end, there is always__43___ pain of loss.  When nothing can be_44___ to keep the friendship, it is important to forget the pain. Then move on__45___ new friendships.

     May new friendships bring you pleasure and happiness!

31.A. hope                B. expect             C. decide             D. prefer

32. A. Unfortunately        B. Luckily            C. Then               D. So

33. A. interest             B. ex perience          C. change             D. Suggestion

34. A. forgets              B. disappears            C. appears            D. improves

35. A. finished             B. practiced             C. continued           D. started

36. A. break down          B. break away           C. break off            D. break in

37. A. often               B. seldom               C. always              D. never

38. A. struggling           B. satisfying             C. pleased             D. fed

39. A. at                  B. by                   C. on                 D. in

40. A. even if              B. while                 C. before              D. since

41. A. strange             B. true                   C. false               D. impossible

42. A. will be             B. is                     C. will                D. to be

43. A. little               B. some                  C. any                D. no

44. A. thought            B. checked                C. carried              D. done

45. A. to ask for           B. forming                C. to build             D. beginning

四、阅读理解

A

     Thomas Edison lit up the world with his invention of the electric light. Without him, the world might still be in the dark. However, the electric light was not his only invention. He also invented the motion picture camera and 1200 other things. About every two weeks he created something new.

     Thomas Edison was born in 1847. He attended school for only three months. His mother taught him at home, but Thomas was mostly self-educated. He started experimenting at a young age.

     When he was 12 years old, he got his first job. He became a newsboy on a train. He did experiments on the train in his spare time. Unluckily, his first work experience did not end well. They fired him when he accidentally set fire to the floor of the train. Then Edison worked for five years as a telegraph operator, but he continued to spend much of his time in experimenting his first patent(专利权) in 1868 for a vote recorder run by electricity.

     Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the other, but he thought of his deafness as a blessing in many ways. It kept conversations short, so that he could have more time for work. He always worked 16 out of every 24hours. Sometimes his wife had to remind him to sleep and eat.

     Thomas Edison died at the age of 84. He left a great many inventions that greatly improved the quality of life all over the world.

46.How often did Edison make a new invention?

  A. About every fourteen days     B. About every seven days     C. About once a week      D. About twice a week

47.The underlined word “fired” in the passage means “__________”

  A.Gave somebody a job     B. Set fire to somebody    C. Let somebody down    D. Forced somebody to leave his job

48.Edison considered his deafness as______.

  A. something bad            B. a gift from god        C. a kind of ability         D. a disadvantage

49.which of the following sentence is NOT true according to the passage?

  A. Edison had only 8 hours rest each day after his deafness        B. Edison got his education mostly by self-teaching

  C. Edison had his first job in 1869                  D. Edison’s inventions greatly improved the quality of people’s life

50.What does the passage mainly talk about?

  A. The function of the electric light                 B. Edison and his experiments

  C. The importance o f inventions                   D. The whole life of Edison.

 

B

      New changes have taken place in Paris in recent years. Paris used to be among Europes busiest cities. Traffic jams could be seen all the time. But now there is a new 2.5 kilometre-long car-free area inside the city. The Louvre(卢浮宫) attracts world tourists. People visit there not just for the art works, but also enjoy the roof of the building which is like a flying carpet. The world’s most beautiful city is now even more beautiful.

     Lijiang River National Park, China.

     Lijiang River is in Guilin. It is well-known for its clear water, limestone(石灰岩洞) and green hills. The hills have beautiful names depending on different shapes, such as Elephant Trunk. These attract many Chinese poets and artists. The best way to enjoy Lijing River is to take an 83 km boat trip from Guilin to Yangshuo in summer.

     Zurich, Switzerland

  What do you think Zurich is famous for? Great banks? Yes. People can find many Swiss banks and foreign banks here. But the city is of great interest to many people for another reason. Zurich hosts Europe’s largest street party each year. Its Street Parade has overtaken London’s Notting Hill Carival. What’s hot in the city in 2014? In August, Zurich will host the European Athletic Championships. This gives tourists a chance to see the world’s top athletes making new records.

     Adelaide, Australia

     Many people may know Sydney or Melbourne. They are big cities in Australia. But Adelaide wins people’s hearts with great festivals and tasty food. Adelaide Fringe Festival is the largest art festival in Australia. Every February and March, people celebrate with outdoor art works, dance performances and live music. Adelaide has many kinds of foreign foods. British fish and chips, Italian pizza and German pork can be found in most restaurants.

51.Tourists enjoy the art works as well as _______of the Louvre.

  A. the busy street       B. the shape of its roof         C. the car-free area         D. the flying carpet

52. Many Chinese poets and arti sts are attracted by________ in Guilin.

  A. elephant trunks     B. warm weather      C. the highway to Yangshuo      D. the green hills and limestone caves

53. Compared with London’s Notting Hill Varnival, the Street Parade in Zurich is _______.

  A. even worse        B. exactly the same         C. much better        D. less popular

54. When and where will the 2014European Athletics Championships be held?

  A. In August, Paris          B. In February, Europe        

C. In March, Adelaide       D. In August, Zurich

55. Betty is studying art at college. She’s travelling to some place to enjoy art work and taste foreign foods. She could go to_____

  A. Adelaide         B. Lijiang River National Park       C. Zurich and Paris          D. the Louvre

 

C

     Do you think that living a hungry life is last century’s story? Well, it may be this century’s headline.

     The world has growing worries about a global food shortage. Right now, there are still 870 million hungry people in the world, according to a survey of the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. Children can’t escape this, either. Around fifteen million children die of hungry each year.

     What’s causing food shortages? There are several reasons.

     There are now more droughts and floods. This is very harmful to farmers and their ability to grow food.

     Besides, with the growing population, feeding everyone becomes more difficult. There are a little more than seven billion people in the world. By 2050, the world population will be more than nine billion.

     Another reason is food waste. The average person throws away 50kg of food every year.

     How can we help with food shortages? The easiest way is to cut down on food waste.

     Next time before throwing away the food on your plate, just think how much work has been done to make it. By buying less, we waste less. This takes the pressure off producing so much food. And it helps to solve the problem of food shortage.

     You can also ask your schoolmates to join you.

     In 2013, researchers at Kansas State University in the US put up short anti-waste slogans(标语) in dining rooms Think Before You Waste. Guess what happened? Students wasted fifteen percent less food after that!

     The author of the study said, “You don’t need a huge activity to make a difference.”

Reasons of food shortage     56._________________________________

      The growing population.

      57.___________________________________

Ways of 58___________     59.___________________________________

      Ask the other students to join in your anti-waste work.

Your understanding of the last sentence.   

60.__________________________________

 

D

     How do students spend their spare time after finishing their homework? Watch TV, play computer games, or go outside to relax? Here’s a good example.

     Tim and Kerry Meek are both teachers. They live in the  UK with their two daughters: eleven-year-old Amy and nine-year-old Ella. Recently, the Meek family has bec ome the focus of the whole country after they completed 100 different outdoor a ctivities in one year.

     The Meek couple didn’t want their children to spend all their free time in front of the TV and become “couch tomatoes”. So about one year ago, the Meeks decided that watching TV and playing computer games were not permitted . Instead, they set 100 tasks for the two girls to do outside. Although Mr. and Mrs. Meek are not outdoor activity fans, they took part in all the activities to encourage their daughters. It turns out that the two sisters really had a good time joining activities.

     Every holiday and weekend, whether it’s sunny, rainy or snowy, the Meeks’ would set off to try the activities on their list, including hiking, sai ling, climbing , skiing, and so on. The two little girls not only had a wonderful time, but also learned a lot of skills from the activities. They were even able to stand up in front of their school to give a talk for charity. “Our friends spend a lot of their free time doing things which are harmful to their health. Luckily, we’ve had the chance to experience something different.” Amy and Ella also helped their parents to draw up a new list of challenges for the next 12 months.

61.请用中文出现的词语将下列句子补充完整,使句子意思连贯。

  As a student, you should do more outdoor exercises in order not to__________________.

62.Why did the Meeks become the focus of the UK?

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

63.When did the Meeks go out to do the activities?

  _____________________________________________________________________________________________

64.请将稳中划线句子翻译成汉语。

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

65.Please tell us what  you have learned from this passage with two sentences in your own words.

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

 

五、词汇运用

A、根据句意和所给的中文提示,写出句子中的单词。

66.Can you ______________(想象) what your life will be like in ten years?

67.We listened to a report on how to save endangered animals last _____________(星期三).

68.It is ________________(传统的) to eat moon cakes in China on Mid-Autumn Festival.

69.Thanks a lot for________________(取回) me the notebook I left in the lecture hall.

70.China is one of the ancient_______________(文明社会)in the world.

 

B、根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。

71.How ______________(care) you are! You’ve knocked the cup off the table again!

72.Jason didn’t hear the ring, for he____________(water) the flowers in the back yard.

73.Does Gold Theatre have___________(comfort) seats of the five in your city?

74.Now Mom feels much better after taking the ____________(medical).

75.A little bird___________(fly) in through the open window and she set it f ree at once.

 

六、完成句子

76.请带我参观一下你们的新校园好吗?

  Could you please________ me _________ your new school campus?

77.微信使得人们相互交流更便捷。

  We chat makes__________ more convenient for people to_________ with each other.

78.我们必须采取有效措施遏制交通事故的发生。

  We must take effective measures to prevent traffic accidents_____ _________

79.他喜欢妆扮成圣诞老人来给孩子们发礼物。

  He likes to _________ __________ as Santa Clause to give away presents to children.

80.我们希望青少年远离香烟。

  We hope that teenagers can________ __________ from cigarettes.

81.他发现他错把Sally的太阳镜装进他的书包里了。

  He found that he had put Sally sunglasses into his backpack__________ __________.

82.当你觉得有压力的时候你就放松一下自己。

  Try to relax yourself when you feel____________ ____________.

83.我惊奇地发现他今天穿着一件最时髦的夹克。

  I was___________ that he  wore a jacket in the latest________ today.

84.我们需要一些新的办法使污水清洁。

  We need to _________ __________ with new ideas to make polluted water clean.

85.那位主修生物的女孩经常自愿去医院帮助病人们。

  The girl who is ________ ________biology often volunteers to help the patients in the hospital.

七、短文填空

阅读下面短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示补全文中所缺的单词

    It’s necessary to discover what you are good at or not and what you like or dislike.

    Many students would be unhappy if they f________86 in a very difficult physics course, but in fact they have known a lot about t_________87. They realize that they should not become engineers or p___________88_scientists in the future. So falling can help a student to live a happier life if he or she draws something out of it. They may then decide on their aim and c__________89 the kind of work that they would be fit for and they would like to do.

    You can’t be sure whether you like something u_________90 you have tried it. If you make a d_________91_ that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more music classes b________92_ you know if you are really interested in it.

    It is not e________93_ to hope to be a violinist. You also have to stand the hard practice before you become one. If you would enjoy being a great violinist, but hate the hard and b__________94_ work, just give it up.

    It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. And then you will be able to find o_________95 what your true interests are.

八、书面表达

两个月前,胶东在线嘴我校初四学生毕业后的人生规划进行了一次问卷调查。请根据图表中提供的数据信息,写一篇100-120词的调查报告,并结合实际谈谈你的观点和毕业后的人生理想。

要求:1.行文不得出现真实姓名和校名; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。

 

  Two months ago, Jiaodong Online made a survey what junior Grade 4 students would do after graduation. Here is the result.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____

  

答案

二、基础知识运用  2125 BDACB  2630 ADBCB

三、完形填空  3135 BACBD  3640 CBADA  4145 BABDC

四、阅读理解 4650 ADBCD  5155 BDCDA

56.More droughts and floods

57.Food waste

58.helping with food shortage

59.Cut down on food waste

60.Stop wasting from ourselves and from tiny/little things.

61.become/be a “couch potato”

62.Because they completed 100 different outdoor activities in one year.

63.Every holiday and weekend.

64.我们的朋友花了大量的业余时间做了对他们的身体有害的事情。幸运的是我们有机会体验了与之不同的事情。

65.We should do more outdoor exercises to keep healthy/fit in our spare time.

  We can get a lot of skills /learn a lot from outdoor activi ties.

五、词汇运用

66.imagine  67.Wednesday  68.traditional  69.fetching  70. civilization/civilisations  71.careless  72.  was watering   73.the most comfortable   74.medicine   75.flew

六、完成句子

76.show, around  77.it, communicate  78. from increasing/growing  79.dress up   80.stay/keep away  81.by mistake  82.stressed out  83.  surprised, style  84. come up  85. majoring in

七、短文填空

86.failed  87.themselves  88.physical   89.choose   90.until   91. decision   92.before   93.enough  94.boring  95.out

八、书面表达

    Two months ago, Jiaodong Online made a survey what junior Grade 4 students would do after graduation. Here is the result.

     65% of us hope to be admitted to the senior school. About 20% would like to learn useful skills at technical schools so as to get jobs easily after graduation. And 10% of the students will find jobs to make money to support their families. Only 5% are not quite sure about their aims. I think they should make it clear what to do next.

     In my opinion, we teenagers should have a design for our future life. Different students have different aims and of course they may change with the time.

     My dream is to be a doctor to serve the patients. So, I am determined to work hard at all my lessons so that I can enter Beijing Medical University. I’m ready for a hard but colorful senior school life.

 

 
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