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人教(pep)新课标英语高二年级下学期Unit3单元辅导
  作者:学科专家  发布时间:2011-05-27

课文重难点精析 (Unit 3, Book 7)

Well, its teamwork the killers over there are throwing themselves on top of the whales blow-hole to stop it breathing. (P.20) 啊,它们在协同作战呢——那些虎鲸正往鲸的出气孔上扑去,不让它呼吸。

【点拨】

stop it breathing 阻止它呼吸

stop sth. 使停止,终止      

stop doing 停止做某事       

stop to do 停下来去做另一件事

stop sb.(from) doing 阻止(防止)某人做某事。如:

Stop talking, please. It’s time to have the meeting.

Let’s stop to have a rest.

Don’t stop me (from) swimming in the lake. 

【拓展】

keep sb. from doing 阻止某人做某事

protect from 保护……免受侵害

【注意】 stop sb. (from) doingprevent sb. (from) doing中的from可以省略,但是keep sb. from doing中的from不能省略。另外,如果三个词组用于被动语态中,则from都不能省略。如:

A big snow kept us from climbing the mountain.

My illness prevented/ stopped me (from) going abroad.

I was prevented/ stopped/ kept by my illness from going abroad.

You must wear a hat to protect yourself from the sun.

【强化训练】

(1) 我读了一会书,然后停下来看电视。

    I read for a while and then______ _______ ______TV.

(2) 教练告诉队员们不要停止跑步。

    The coach told the players______ _______ ______.

(3) 是什么阻止你上大学的?

    What ______ _______ ______going to university?

(4) 墨镜能保护你的眼睛不被阳光曝晒。

    Sunglasses can ______ _______ ______the sun.

(5) 在古代,女子被阻止参加奥运会。

    In old times women______ _______ ______ taking part in the Olympic Games.

Key: (1) stopped to watch

       (2) not to stop running

(3) prevented/stopped/kept you from

(4) protect your eyes from  

(5) were prevented/ stopped/ kept from

 

 
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