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人教新课标高一英语必修4 Unit 3测试题及答案
  作者:学科专家  发布时间:2011-06-30

 

第一部分:英语知识应用(共四节,满分55分)

第一节 语音知识(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

      从每小题的ABCD四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

例:have

A. gave      B. save     C. hat     D. made

1.interrupt   A.introduce  B.culture  C.opportunity  D. situation

2.quiet    A.field   B.believe   C. science   D.niece

 3.clear    A. pear   B. fear   C. heard     D. heart

4.increase   A. several   B. position   C. opposite   D. husband

5.smooth   A.worth   B healthy   C. throat    D northern

第二节 情景对话(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两个为多余选项。

Alice: hey,are you into any habby?

Jack:____6______

Alice:it’s very exciting living in another country for a while. I hate living at the same place all the time.

Jack:you must have travelled to different places.____7______

 Alice:last summer, I travelled around europe where I enjoyed the tour.

Jack:_____8______ most of my time I travel within the states.

 Alice:I guess I’m lucky.____9____ and it has really broadened my view. Now I want to go anywhere and see anything in the world.

Jack:if I have time this summer, I’ll also go to Europe.

Alice:_____10______

 Jack:thank you.

A I’m glad to be invited.

B may you have a nice trip.

C. which country have you been to?

D. I haven’t been to another country yet.

E. do you plan to travel all around the world.

F. well, travelling might be my hobby.

G. world travel has changed my outlook on many things.

第三节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

11.longjing tea,jasmine tea and wuyi tea are all famous,but which do you think_______?

  A. tastes best  B.smells most  C.sounds best  D.drinks mostly

12.it is believed that if a book is______,it will surely_____ the reader.

A. interested ;interest B.interesting;be interested C.interested;be interestingD.interesting;interest

13.news reports say peace talks between countries have____with no agreement reached.

A. broken down  B.broken out  C. broken in  D.broken up

14.the weather scientists _____ a fine summer.

A. prediction B. predicted C. predictable D.predictive

15. it’s very kind ____you to help me_____ my english.

A. of;at B. to ;with C.of;with D.for;at

16---did you enjoy yourself at the party?

  --- yes, I’ve never been to ____ one before.

 A. a more excited B.the most excited C. a more exciting D. the more exciting

17.though tom’s parents ask them to move to the city, his grandparents are still____ in the countryside.

A.content with  B. content to C.content to live D.contented with

18. yao ming is so tall that he can be ___ in the crowd easily.

 A.picked up  B. picked out C. made out D. helped out

19.____ ,the car stopped at once.

A. seeing a man lying on the ground     B.on seeing a man sitting on the road

 C. the driver saw a man standing on the road  D.directly the driver saw a man sitting on the grond

20.scientists are convinced ____ the positive effect of laughter____physical and mental health.

A.of ;at  B.by; in C. of;on D.on ;at

21.---how about ____ christmas evening party?

   --- I should say it was ___ success.

A.  a;a B. the ; a C. a; / D. the; /

22. the old lady is so___ about her houswork that servants will not work for her.

A. special B. especial C.peculiar D. particular

23.what many people hate most ____ at in public.

A. is being laughed  B. being laughed C. is to laugh D.  laughed

24. he looked around and caught a man ___his hand into the pocket of a passenger.

A. put B. to be putting C. to put D.putting

25. don’t leave the water ____ while you brush your teeth.

A. run B.running C.being run D.to run

第四节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

One man was to meet his wife downtown and spend some time shopping with her. He waited  26  for 15 minutes. Then he waited impatiently for 15 minutes more. After that, he became  27 . When he saw a photograph booth (照相亭) nearby, he had  28 . He wore the most unhappy expression he could manage, which was not  29  in the situation. In a few moments, he was holding four small prints that 30 even him.

He wrote his wife’s name on the back of the photos and handed them to a  31  behind the desk in the booth. “ 32  you see a small, dark lady with brown eyes and an apologetic expression, obviously  33  someone, would you please give her this?” he said. He then  34  his office in Morrison Building,  35  that if a picture is worth a thousand words, then the four photos must be a good  36 ! He sat down with a smile.

His wife  37  those pictures. She carries them in her purse now and shows them to anyone who asks if she is married …

How are you with  38 ? One person calls it “wait training.” It seems that there is always something we are 39. We wait on traffic and we wait in lines. We wait to hear about a new job. We wait to complete school. We wait for someone to change his or her mind.

Patience is an important  40  of a happy and rewarding life.  41 , some things are worth waiting for.  42  presents many opportunities for wait training.

We can hate waiting,  43 it or even get good at it! But one thing is  44  --- we cannot avoid it. How is your  45  coming along?

26. A. proudly                 B. respectfully            C. patiently                D. curiously

27. A. angry                    B. hungry                   C. frightened              D. thirsty

28. A. a question             B. a reason                C. an opinion             D. an idea

29. A. serious                  B. difficult                  C. convenient(方便的) D. regular  

30 A. hurt                       B. encouraged            C. attracted               D. shocked

31. A. clerk                     B. secretary               C. passer-by             D. friend

32. A. Since                    B. Before                   C. As                        D. If

33. A. looking for            B. working for            C. sending for            D. paying for

34. A. called up               B. returned to             C. visited                   D. left

35. A. worried                B. disappointed          C. satisfied                D. surprised

36. A. description            B. preparation            C. excuse                  D. lecture

37. A. tore                      B. saved                    C. developed             D. destroyed

38. A. your wife              B. your family             C. patience                D. determination

39. A. hoping for             B. waiting for             C. ready for               D. fit for

40. A. lesson                   B. experience             C. purpose                D. quality

41. A. For example         B. After all                 C. Right now             D. So far

42. A. Every age             B. Every shop            C. Every day             D. Every office

43. A. accept                  B. control                   C. change                  D. improve

44. A. certain                  B. interesting              C. precious(宝贵的) D. easy

45. A. photo taking         B. job hunting             C. decision making    D. wait training

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Many years ago my student asked me the question, "Mrs. Kindred, why do you teach?" Without taking time to reflect, I answered, "Because someday I might say something that might make a difference in someone's life." Even though I was sincere, that wasn't a very good answer and my student didn't let it slide.

"Let me get this straight," he said, "You went to college for four years so you could come here every day because you have the hope that someday you might say something that will influence someone?" He shook his head as if I were crazy and walked away looking confused . I'm one of those people who look back and wish they had said something smart or witty, or swift.

Even though that particular student might no longer wonder why I teach, there are days when I wonder. On those days, I remind myself of the real reasons I teach:

It's in my blood. My mother was my most influential teacher, and she was a 6th grade reading teacher until her death in 1990. She instilled(逐渐灌输) in me a love of reading and the knowledge that education opens doors.

Teaching is a way to make a difference. If you throw a stone in a pond the ripples go on and on until they reach the shore. You can't have ripples without a "stone." Good teachers throw stones that make a positive difference, and that's what I strive to do.

I genuinely love teenagers.

I want to share with others what I know and what I have learned through the years. Life is full of ups and downs, and if I can help students avoid some potholes on the road of life, I want to do so. If they'll allow me to celebrate their victories with them, I want to do too.

 Teaching isn't for everyone, but I know I made the right career choice.

46. Why did the student continue to ask the question about the writer’s being a teacher?

  A. Because he thought her answer was unbelievable.

  B. Because the writer was insincere.

  C. Because the student was naughty.

  D. Because the answer was difficult to understand.

47. What do you think of the writer?

  A. Stupid.                             B. Honest.                   C. Conservative.                 D. Polite.

48. According to the text, which of the following is NOT true?

  A. The writer’s mother has the greatest influence on her.

  B. The writer’s answer made the student confused.

  C. In the writer’s opinion, some people in the world are unfit to teach.

  D. The writer annoyed the student who asked the question.

49. We can infer from the text that _________.

  A. the writer was also a good teacher in school

  B. the writer often plays with her students beside a pond

  C. the writer devotes herself to teaching and her students

  D. the writer often accompanies the students on their way home

B

Among various programs, TV talk shows have covered every inch of space on daytime television. And anyone who watches them regularly knows that each one is different in style. But no two shows are more opposite in content, while at the same time standing out above the rest, than the Jerry Springer and Oprah Winfrey shows.

Jerry Springer could easily be considered the king of "rubbish talk". The topics on his show are as surprising as can be. For example, the show takes the ever-common talk show titles of love, sex, cheating, and hate, to a different level. Clearly, the Jerry Springer show is about the dark side of society, yet people are willing to eat up the troubles of other people's lives.

Like Jerry Springer, Oprah Winfrey takes the TV talk show to its top. But Oprah goes in the opposite direction. The show is mainly about the improvement of society and different quality of life. Contents are from teaching your children lessons, managing your work week, to getting to know your neighbors.

Compared to Oprah, the Jerry Springer show looks like poisonous waste being poured into society. Jerry ends every show with a "final word". He makes a small speech about the entire idea of the show. Hopefully, this is the part where most people will learn something very valuable.

Clean as it is, the Oprah show is not for everyone. The show's main audiences are middle-class Americans. Most of the people have the time, money and ability to deal with life's tough problems. Jerry Springer, on the other hand, has more of a connection with the young adults of society. These are 18-to 21year-olds whose main troubles in life include love, relationship, sex, money and drug. They are the ones who see some value and lessons to be learned through the show's exploitation.

50. Compared with other TV talk shows, both the Jerry Springer and the Oprah Winfrey shows are ______.

A. more interesting         B. unusually poplar     C. more detailed         D. more formal
51. Though the social problems Jerry Springer talks about appear unpleasant, people who watch the shows ______.
  A. show disbelief in them                                          B. are ready to face up to them
  C. remain cold to them                                       D. are willing to get away from them
52. Which of the
following is likely to be a topic of the Oprah Winfrey show?
  A. A new type of robot.                                     B. National hatred.
  C. Family income planning.                                D. Street accident.
53. W
e can learn from the passage that the two talk shows ____.
  A. have become the only ones of its kind                   B. exploit the weaknesses in human nature

C. appear at different times of the day                D. attract different people

C

Can people change their skin colour without suffering like pop king Michael Jackson? Perhaps yes. Scientists have found the gene that determines skin colour.

The gene comes in two versions, one of which is found in 99 per cent of Europeans. The other is found in 93 to 100 per cent of Africans, researchers at Pennsylvania State University report in the latest issue of Science. Scientists have changed the colour of a dark-striped zebrafish to uniform gold by inserting a version of the pigment(色素) gene into a young fish. As with humans, zebrafish skin colour is determined by pigment cells, which contain melanosomes(黑色素). The number, size and darkness of melanosomes per pigment cell determines skin colour.

It appears that, like the golden zebrafish, light-skinned Europeans also have a mutation(变异) in the gene for melanosome production. This results in less pigmented skin.

However, Keith Cheng, leader of the research team, points out that the mutation is dif ferent in human and zebrafish genes.

Humans acquired dark skin in Africa about 1.5 million years ago to protect bodies from ultra-violet rays of the sun(太阳光紫外线), which can cause skin cancer.

But when modern humans leave Africa to live in northern latitudes, they need more sunlight on their skin to produce vit amin D. So the related gene changes, according to Cheng.

Asians have the same version of the gene as Africans, so they pr obably acquired their light skin through the action of some other gene that affects skin colour, said Cheng.

The new discovery could lead to medical treatments for skin cancer. It also could lead to research into ways to change skin colour without damaging it like chemical treatment did on Michael Jackson.

54. The passage mainly tells us that ________.

  A. people can not change their skin colour without any pain

  B. the new discovery could lead to search into ways to change skin colour safely

  C. pop king Michael Jackson often changed his skin colour as he liked

  D. scientists have found out that people’s skin colour is determined by the gene

55. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

  A. nowadays people who want to change their skin colour have to suffer a lot from the damage caused by the chemical  treatment

  B. Europeans and Africans have the same gene

  C. the new discovery could help to find medical treatments for skin cancer

  D. there are two kinds of genes

56. Scientists have done an experiment on a dark-striped zebra fish in order to ________.

  A. find the different genes of humans’

  B. prove the humans’ skin colour is determined by the pigment gene

  C. find out the reason why the Africans’ skin colour is dark

  D. find out the ways of changing peopl’s skin colour

57. The reason why Europeans are light-skinned is probably that ________.

  A. they are born light-skinned people

  B. light-skinned Europeans have mutation in the gen for melanosome production

  C. they have fewer activities outside

  D. they pay much attention to protecting their skin

D

The journey to the moon had been the first step toward future exploration(探险) in space. The distance between the Moon and Earth is very short indeed when compared with the distances between Earth and the other planets. Mars, the nearest planet to Earth is millions of miles away. Traveling to the planets will be man’s next aim. Such travels will be more challenging than the trip to the moon and certainly more adventurous.

    Recently, two American spaceships, Vikings 1 and 2, landed on Mars trying to discover whether that planet has any life on it. So far the signs of life on Mars has neither confirmed(确认) nor ruled out. Russians have discovered that the surface of Venus(金星) is so hot that it is almost certain that there is no life there. Also the atmosphere of Venus is extremely dense() and the pressure is nearly a hundred times greater than that of the Earth’s atmosphere.

    Scientists believe man may find planets which have the same conditions as those we have on Earth , but man should realize Earth will be his only home for a long time and begin to love and care for it.

58. According to the passage, traveling to the planets will be ________.

  A. much easier and even more interesting      B. far more exciting and dangerous

  C. man’s final aim                        D. man’s first step

59. Which of the following is Not true?

  A. Mars is nearer to the earth than the moon.

  B. The moon is much nearer to the earth than Mars.

  C. Of all the planets, Mars is the nearest to the earth.

  D. All the planets are much farther to the earth.

60. From the passage, we can guess_____.

  A. there is life on Mars        B. there is no life on Mars

  C. the atmosphere of Mars is not so dense as that of Venus

  D. scientists will have little hope to find the answers

第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

A.     Christmas card.

B.     Jewelry.

C.     Pictures.

D.     Perfume.

E.      Holiday tickets.

F.      EBook reader.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 This Christmas, give something to your Mom that she’s going to cherish for a long time. Here are some of the best Christmas gifts for you to choose from and make this Christmas special for your mother.

61.__________

  This is a gift which is truly suitable for women. Whenever you go for shopping for perfumes, just remember her personality and then choose. For more help you can refer to top perfumes for women 2010.

62.__________

  It’s one of the good Christmas presents for Mom, give your Mom a picture of you and her and hang it above the fireplace. A better choice would be taking a photo with all your family members with her in the center. You can also order a sketch(素描) of her and your Dad which can be hung in their bedroom.

63. ___________

  If your mother loves to read, then an eBook reader is one of the best gifts. Your Mom can view her favorite books, magazines and newspapers in her own room. She doesn’t have to get to different bookstores in search for her favorite books.

64. _____________

  How long has it been that Mom hasn’t been to a holiday with Dad? Your parents might not be able to spend time with each other because of work pressure and family responsibilities. Book two tickets and give them a day off from work with the best Christmas gifts for couples.

65.____________

  There’s not a single woman in this world who doesn’t love jewelry, and giving your mom diamond or gold jewelry can be a great choice. You can buy her a necklace or earrings. Just go into the jewelry shop and pick up something nice.

第三部分 写作(共三节,满分55分)

第一节 单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

66.The well-known director is busy filming a new________(喜剧)

67.His father is an _______(普通的) woker in a shoe factory.

68.I find it quite_______( 惊讶) that none of you liked the play.

69.They often_______(款待)their friends at weekends last year.

70.The guide gave us a clear_________(解释) of each of the rules.

71.He is one of the most_______(杰出的)writers o the time.

72.Her courage and good________(幽默)saw her through the bad times.

73.She finished what she had to say with a _________(手势)of friendship.

74._______(失败)in one examination should not stop you trying again.

75.I didn’t find his argument very________(令人信服的),so there’s still some doubt about the project.

第二节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(  ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. Then

 

she bent down and picked  up to look at a price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his

 

 T-shirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her shocked face! My sister wanted  get out of the shop

 

 as fast as she could when a shop assistant came over to us. It was turned out to be her own cup,

 

that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister,

 

 for I just thought it was funny!

第三节 书面表达(满分30分)

居里夫人是位非常令人尊敬的科学家。你昨晚读了一篇关于居里夫人的课文。现在请你根据下面提示,些一篇意思连贯的短文。介绍一下你的阅读感受。词数不少于60.

1.      when did you read the text about Madam Curie?( last night)

2.      what do you know about her after reading the texe?(be born in Poland, study physics in France, became a French professor of physics and a great scientist)

3.  what did she discover in her research?( two kinds of radioactive matters—Polonium and Radium)

4. was it hard for her to do the reseach?(yes)

5. what did she get for the discoveies?( the Nobel Prizes for Physics and Chemistry)

6.  what should we learn from her?

 

 

 

参考答案

第一部分

I.语音和补全对话

 1-5 BCBAD    6-10 FCDGB

II.单选题

11-25   ADABC    CCBDC    BDADB

III.完形填空

26-45 CADBD  ADABC  DBCBD  BCAAD

IV.阅读理解。

46-60.   ABDC  BBCD  DABB  BAC

61-65    CFEDA

V.第一节:单词拼写

 66.comedy  67. ordinary 68.astonishing  69.entertain   70.explanation   71.outstanding  72. humour/humor  73. gesture 74. failure   75.cinvinci 

第二节:短文改错Xkb1.com

My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. Then

                             were

she bent down and picked ^ up to look at a price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his

                     it          the                                        her

T-shirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her shocked face! My sister wanted ^ get out of the shop

                 hard                                         to

as fast as she could when a shop assistant came over to us. It w\asturned out to be her own cup,

that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister,

which                                                 embarrassed          

for I just thought it was funny!

第三节:写作范文。

I read the text about MadamCurie last light.She was born in Polandand studied Physicsin

France. Then she became a Frenchprofessor of physics and a great scientist who discovered two kinds of radioactive matters—polonium and radium in her life . it was very hard for her to do the research. And as a result, she got the nobel prizes for physice and chemistry because of her achievements. Madam curie is a good example for us to learn because of her devotion to science.

 

 

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