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高一英语必修4 Unit 4 测试题及答案
  作者:学科专家  发布时间:2011-06-30

2010—2011第四单元试题(卷)

 

命题人:刘嵘  检测人:孙钧 辛荣娟     

 

卷(95分)

第一部分 英语知识运用(共四节,满分55)

第一节    语音知识(5小题,每小题1,满分5)

       ABCD四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。

1many                  

       Amarry           Bmachine          Canything         Dfancy

2ground                 

       Asoul                                              Btouch            Cdouble            Dshout

3stomach                

       Acheck         Bcharacter       Cchicken        Dachieve

4great                  

       Abreak                                             Breasonable                  Cscream                Dbreathe

5suggestion              

       Aexplanation         Bquestion           Caction                 Dinvitation

第二节 情景对话(5小题,每小题1,满分5)

    根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑.选项中有两个为多余选项(注意:答案EABFBCGCD)

--- Mum, my old bike has gone wrong again. What shall I do?

---       6     

--- Great! But can I have a mountain bike?

--- Why a mountain bike? There’re no mountains around here.

--- Mountain bikes are stronger, and they’re better at going up hills. But I …

---       7     

--- Money. Do you know how much they cost? At least $300 each! How can I get so much money?

---       8     

--- Over a year! But I need one now.

---       9     

--- I suppose about $150 each.

--- Well, that sounds more reasonable. If you save $5 a week, you’ll have enough in about six months.

---       10    

--- Well, go ahead with your saving and I’ll make up the rest in six months. Now, go and get your old bike repaired.

A.     No problem.

B.      Buy a new one.

C.     Is that expensive.

D.     What’s troubling you?

E.      Mm… but I still hope…

F.      How much does an ordinary bike cost?

G.     You can save up the money, say $5 a week, then in just over a year…

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

第三节 语法和词汇知识(15小题,每小题1,满分15)

   从每小题的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑.

11. In the modern society, computers are largely ______ to help us organize daily life and work.

A. relying     B. relying on     C. relied       D. relied on

12.  — When can I see you, Mr Black? Three o’clock this afternoon?

— Oh, no. I ________ a meeting then.

A. will have    B. will be having   C. am having     D. have

13. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ________ behind his back.

A. tied        B. tying          C. being tied      D. to be tied

14. Food supplies may ________ towards the end of the trip, so we can’t waste any food.

A. run out      B. run up        C. run in       D. run away

15. Dream of the Red Chamber is _____ worth _____ because we can learn a lot about the noble families in the feudal society.

A. very; reading   B. well; to be read   C. well; reading   D. very; to be read

16. I decide to pay a visit to you, but I don’t know whether it is quite _________ to you.

      A. convenient      B. fair        C. easy        D. comfortable

17. We’d better start off a little earlier, or we may ____ in the traffic congestion.

 A. became stuck   B. have to stick   C. get stuck    D. get sticking 

18. You should try to get a good night’s sleep ____ much work you have to do.

A. however      B. no matter    C. although      D. whatever

19. ________ English will help to communicate _____ people from different countries in the world.
A. Known; with  B. Knowing; with  C. To know; to   D. To know; in

20. He is known _____ his being on time, so we don’t know the reason ____ his being late this time.

A. for; of         B. as; for         C. for; for       D. of; of

21. ____ he does his work, I don’t mind what time he arrives at the office.

       A. So far as    B. So long as    C. As far as    D. So as 

22. In January, 2004, the United States successfully launched “Spirit”, a Mars Exploration Rover, _____ a new milestone in the history of mankind.

A. it marked    B. marking   C. marked      D. to mark

23. __________ where the sound lab _________?

  A. Has it decided; will built                 B. Is it decided; it built

  C. Has it been decided; will be built           D. Will it be decided; will be built

24. — Shall we go to see the new film A World Without Thieves?

— _____? Let’s make it tonight.

A. Why not             B. Why                C. Why don’t              D. Why so

25. — I have just had my watch repaired.

— How much did they _________ you?

A. pay         B. charge      C. cost            D. spend

第四节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

Once upon a time, there was an island where all the feelings lived: Happiness, Sadness, Knowledge, and all of the others, including    26  . One day it was announced to the feelings that the island would   27  , so all constructed boats and left, except Love.

    Love was the   28   one who stayed until the last possible moment. When the island had almost sunk, Love decided to ask for   29  .

    Richness was   30   Love in a grand boat. Love said, “Richness, can you take me with you?” Richness answered, “No, I can’t. There is a lot of   31   and silver in my boat. There is no  32   here for you.” Love decided to ask Vanity who was   33   passing by in a beautiful vessel. “Vanity, please help me!” “I can’t help you, Love. You are all wet and might   34   my boat,” Vanity answered. Just then Sadness was   35  , so Love asked, “Sadness, let me go with you.” “Oh…Love, I am so   36   that I need to be by myself!” Happiness passed by Love, too, but she was so   37   that she did not even   38   Love when Love called her.

   Suddenly, there was a voice, “Come, Love, I will   39   you.” It was a(n)   40  . So blessed and overjoyed, Love even forgot to ask the elder   41   they were going. When they arrived at dry   42  , the elder went her own way.

43   how much was owed the elder, Love asked Knowledge, another elder, “Who helped me?” “It was   44  ,” Knowledge answered. “Time?” asked Love. “But why did Time help me?” Knowledge   45   with deep wisdom and answered, “Because only Time is able to understand how valuable Love is!”

26. A. Vanity            B. Richness               C. Time              D. Love

27. A. float             B. sink                   C. fly                        D. fall

28. A. very                   B. only             C. likely            D. first

29. A. advice            B. help                  C. money                 D. time

30. A. passing by          B. looking at       C. facing to        D. thinking of

31. A. water             B. food        C. gold          D. value

32. A. wealth             B. place                  C. need             D. chance

33. A. still                 B. also                   C. even               D. just

34. A. dirty                   B. damage       C. turn          D. steal

35. A. far                    B. near          C. distant         D. closed

36. A. joyful                  B. surprised      C. sad           D. hurried 

37. A. happy       B. angry                 C. amazed       D. proud

38. A. saw                  B. notice          C. catch                  D. hear

39. A. take          B. fetch                  C. ask                   D. carry

40. A. adviser         B. elder              C. younger               D. helper

41. A. how          B. why                  C. when                  D. where

42. A. shore         B. grass          C. land            D. room

43. A. Realizing       B. Believing      C. Understanding  D. Questioning

44. A. Kindness      B. Time          C. Power        D. Strength

45. A. cried          B. shouted       C. smiled                 D. flushed

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

Some kids start to drink alcohol (酒精) at a young age They think it is part of becoming an adultThey also think drinking is not that bad because so many people do itThey feel it is not as bad as taking drugs (毒品). It is easy for kids to get liquor(酒精饮料)by using fake identification (伪造证件).

Parents may start to notice a change in their child’s behavior if the child starts drinking Kids who drink sometimes stop doing things they normally liked to doThey may keep telephone calls and meetings a secret and not want anybody to touch their thingsThey act moody(喜怒无常) and do not have the same eating and sleeping habits

Parents need to stay involved (牵涉) in their kids’ lives They should talk to their children about their problems to be aware of any changes

Parents can be the best protection Children who get a lot of love can feel good about themselves It helps them resist(抵抗) doing bad things even when other kids are doing them Parents can also help set a good example by not drinking and driving They can have firm rules in the home that everyone follows

Give the children good ideas on how to say “no” to drinking, even when they are at a party Try not to overreact or panic (惊慌) if the child tries alcohol How you handle it can affect their attitude It may be helpful to talk to other parents about setting up curfews (宵禁令) and rules about parties or other events

 

46Which of the following is NOT the reason why some kids have an early start of drinking?

       A They want to show their maturity (成熟) by drinking alcohol

       B Drinking alcohol is much cooler than taking drugs

       C They are affected by many other people around them

       D They can get liquor easily

47According to the passage, what changes may happen to the kids who start drinking?

       A Nothing serious will happen to them

       B They keep the same eating and sleeping habits

       C They can control their moods quite well

       D Sometimes they act secretly

48According to the writer, if parents find their children try alcohol, they had better ________

       A punish them at once

       B ask the police for help

       C ask their children’s friends for help

       D set up curfews and rules about parties or other events with other parents

49Which is the main subject discussed in the passage?

       ATeen health                                   B Teen education

       CTeen drinking                                    D Parents’ worries

  B

Are some people born clever, and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experiences? Strangely enough, the answer to both these questions is yesTo some degree our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligenceOn the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundingsThus the limits of a person's intelligence are fixed at birth, but whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environmentThis view, now held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways

It is easy to show that intelligence is to some degree something we are born withThe closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are likely to be in intelligenceThus if we take two unrelated people at random(随机地) from the population, it is likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely differentIf on the other hand we take two identical (完全相同的) twins they will very likely be as intelligent as each otherRelations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have similar intelligence, and this clearly suggests that intelligence depends on birth

Imagine now that we take two identical twins and put them in different environmentsWe might send one, for example, to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boringWe would soon find differences in intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment as well as birth plays a partThis conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all, are likely to have similar degrees of intelligence   

50Which of these sentences best describes the writer’s point in Para1?  

       ATo some degree, intelligence is given at birth  

       BIntelligence is developed by the environment  

       CSome people are born clever and others born stupid  

       DIntelligence is fixed at birth, but is developed by the environment

51It is suggested in this passage that_______  

       Aunrelated people are not likely to have different intelligence  

       Bclose relations usually have similar intelligence  

       Cthe closer the blood relationship between people, the more different they are likely to be in intelligence

       Dpeople who live in close contact with each other are not likely to have similar degrees of intelligence

52In Para1, the word "surroundings" means_______   

       Aintelligence        Blife                   Cenvironments    Dhousing

53The best title for this article would be_______             

       AOn Intelligence                   

       BWhat Intelligence Means           

       CWe are Born with Intelligence         

       DEnvironment Plays a Part in Developing Intelligence

C

Read the following advertisements and then choose the correct answers

China Daily, March 3, 1996 the biggest shopping center will open on March 8 Every body with today's China Daily will get a small present that day You are welcome

Telephone: 38990688; address: No 6 Xidan Road ……

 

ENGLISH NEWSPAPER, March 19 English Newspaper needs a foreign editor He She must have worked in China for more than 2 years British nationality is necessary The salary is $ 100,000 a year The term is 3 years In ten days this piece of  advertisement will not be useful

Telephone: 3890666; addreses: No 6 Xinling Road

 

CHINA FOOTBALL, February 3, 1996

Shanghai Shenhua Team Vs Beijing Guo'an Team

TIME: February 8 Sunday 3:00   PLACE: Hongkou Stadium

TICKET PRICE; RMB 25 yuan for adults RMB 15 yuan for students

NAME: China Cup Football Contest

COACHES: Xu Genbao, Jin Zhiyang …

54If an Englishman who has worked in China for 3 years comes to English Newspaper office to ask for the job in April, he will _____

       A get the job                                    B not get the job

       C be a good editor                          D not be useful

55If three adults and six students went to watch the match, the tickets would cost them _____ yuan

       A 165                 B 135                 C 196                 D 255

56 Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

       A The shopping center is at NO 6 Xidan road

       B The telephone number of English  Newspaper is 3890666

       C The match was between Beijing Team and Guo'an Team

       D Xu Genbao is a coach

D

       Are you happy? Do you remember a time when you were happy? Are you seeking happiness today?

       Many have sought a variety of sources for their feelings of happinessSome have put their hearts and efforts into their workToo many have turned to drugs and alcoholMeanwhile, untold numbers have looked for it in the possession of expensive cars, exotic(异国的) vacation homes and other popular “toys”Most of their efforts have a root in one common fact: people are looking for a lasting source of happiness

       Unfortunately, I believe that happiness escapes from many people because they misunderstand the journey of finding itI have heard many people say that, “I’ll be happy when I get my new promotion” Or “I’ll be happy when I lose that extra 20 pounds” It is dangerous because it accepts that happiness is a “response” to having, being or doing something

       In life, we all experience stimulus(激励) and responseToday, some people think that an expensive car is a stimulus, and happiness is a response; a great paying job is a stimulus, and happiness is a response; a loving relationship is a stimulus, and happiness is a responseThis belief leaves us the thinking and feeling: I’ll be happy when …

       It has been my finding that actually the opposite is trueI believe that happiness is a stimulus and a response is what life brings to those who are truly happyWhen we are happy, we tend to have more success in our workWhen we are happy, people want to be around us and enjoy loving relationshipsWhen we are happy, we more naturally take better care of our bodies and enjoy good healthHappiness is not a response but a stimulus

       Happiness is a conscious choice we make every day of our livesFor unknown reason to me, many choose to be painful, unsuccessful and angry most of the timeHappiness is not something that happens to us after we get something we want--we usually get things we want AFTER we choose to be happy

57From the second paragraph, we know too many people ______________

       Aare not happy when they work hard

       Bare not happy when they drink or take drugs

       Care happy when they possess their own expensive cars

       Dall desire exotic vacation homes

58Generally speaking, most people feel happy because ______________

       Athey think happiness is rooted in their deep hearts

       Bthey get what they want to have

       Cthey get a great paying job

       Dthey get an expensive car

59Which of the following is right according to the author?

       AIf you want to get what you want, you first choose to be happy

       BWe should try to get more and then we’ll be happy

       CMost people today are happy

       DWork is a necessary part in our daily life

60From the viewpoint of the author, happiness is _______________

       Abased on our needs                 Bunconditional

       Cout of reach                      Dlimited

 

第二节(共5小题,每题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从下框的A-F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余项。(注意:答案EABFBC)

A.     The functions of dance

B.     Martha Graham, a great modern dancer.

C.     Emotional expression of modern dance.

D.     The importance of a modern dancer’s dancers.

E.      The art life of the modern dancers.

F.      A brief introduction of modern dance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

61.

People have expressed themselves thrugh the movements, steps, and rhythms of dance since the beginning of time. They have prayed and celebrated their victories through dance. People have mourned their dead and healed their sick through dance, the language of the body.

 

62.

Today there are many kinds of dancing. For example, there is folk dancing, ballet dancing, and modern dancing. Modern dance, which began in the early 1900s, is a very expressionistic dance. Modern dancers follow no set pattern. Rather, they create their own movements to match the feeling they are trying to express. But modern dance means more than just selt-expression.

 

63.

Martha Graham is one of the world’s greatest modern dancers. As a young dancer, she studied with some of the founders of the modern dance movement. Influnced by many different kinds of dancing, Martha Graham developed her own personal dance style. She later formed her own dance company and school in the New York City. The following are some of her feelings about her art.

 

64.

The modern dancer’s costume is an important part of his or her dance. There is always some reason why a dance costume should be a certain color or an outfit cut in a certain way. The reason comes out of the dance itself. Unlike a ballet costume, a modern dance costume is left of the dancers’ art except the pictures and the memories.

 

65.

Dances come from something deep within a person. That something cannot be expressed with words--- it must be told through movement. Because dance expresses emotions, it affects the mind and the body. Dance should not be taken apart interpreted-dance must be experienced.

 

 

 

卷(55分)

第三部分:写作(共三节,满分55分)

第一节 单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10

根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对应单词的正确形式,每空只写一词。

66. China is rich in natural _____________(资源)

67. The writer was _____(教育)at a very good school.

68. His book, ___________(出版) the year before last, still sells well now.

69. There are also many people who are interested in Chinese ______(传统的) medicine, painting and calligraphy.

70. The French president will make a ______ (正式的)visit to our country next month.

71. They have found the_______(解决办法) to the traffic problem.

72. His disappearance was ________ (有关)with the robbery.

73. Scientists have made a ________(突破)in bioengineering recently.

74. You should not ask others about their ________(个人的) affairs.

75. Inside the theatre, they were giving a________ (表演) of Bizet's Carmen.

第二节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线 (﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Climbing is my favorite sport and I’m very much fond of it. A day, early in the morning, my friends and I put on our sports shoes and start off. After climbing for half and hour, we got to the top of the mountain. Where we got a good view. To the north, a big river across the city. There were many ships sail busily. A lot of beautiful tree were there , too. The sun started to go down, but it was time to go back. On the way home, we were talking and laughing, full excitement. We had a good time on that day.

 

第三节  书面表达(满分30分)

电视几乎已经进入每一个家庭,它在人们的生活中起着要作用,但也有一些负面影响。请根据下列提示用英语写一篇短文。电视为我们提供了栩栩如生( vivid )的世界,通过电视我们可以观看比赛,可以观光、足不出户便知世事。同时,电视在日常生活中起着重要的教育作用,可提供多种教育节目。然而,电视也有诸多坏处,看太多电视会伤害视力,影响工作和休息,另外也会减少学生的学习时间,损害健康。

写作要求:

1.书写清晰、工整。

2.词数120左右

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

参考答案

1-5ABCAD   6-10 BDGFE   11-15 DBAAC  16-20 ACABB  21-25 BBCAB

26-30 DBBBA  31-35 CBBBB  36-40 CADAB  41-45 DCABC 46-49 BDDC  50-53 DBCA  54-56 BAC  57-60 CBAB  61-65  AFBDG

66-75  Resourceseducatedpublishedtraditionalformalsolutionconnected breakthrough personalperformance

短文改错

1.去掉much  2.A-One  3.start-started  4.Where-There  5.across前加went   

6. sail-sailing  7.tree-trees  8.but-and  9.excitement前加of  10.去掉on

书面表达「参考范文」(计30分):

Now more and more people own televisions which present a very vivid world to us On television we can watch exciting matches see most of the places of interest without going there ourselves From TV We learn many things happening in the world Television also plays an educational role in our daily life Children enjoy learning much interesting knowledge from TV By providing various TV university courses television offers various educational programs for different viewers

However television can also be harmful It hurts our eyes Watching TV too much affects our sleep and work Now many students spend too much time on TV which reduces their study time and does great harm to their health In shortwe should regard television as our assistantnot our master

来源:新课标第一网

 

 

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