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高中英语必修4 Unit5重点词语及短语解
  作者:学科专家  发布时间:2011-07-15

Unit 5  Theme parks

Warming Up, Pre-reading,Reading

重点词语及短语解析

1theme n.主题

Love and loneliness are universal themes.爱情和孤独是普遍性主题。

I have to write a short passage on the theme of pollution.

我得写一篇以污染为主题的短文。

The theme of today's talk is envlronmental -protection.

今天讨论的主题是环境保护。

词汇辨析

theme/subject/title/topic

theme一般指论文、演讲、音乐等的主题。

subject指学习、攻读的科目或研修科目;

title 一般指书名或电影名称、文章的标题、歌曲名、称号、头衔等。

topic指供讨论的话题。

2.       amuse 

(1) vt. 使发笑;使高兴,使开心

The joke amused everybody.

这个笑话把大家都逗笑了。

How do you amuse yourself over your holiday?

休假时你怎么消遣?

The new toy kept the baby amused for a whole day.

(2) vt.使某人消遣

These toys will help to keep the baby amused.

这些玩具能让这个婴儿一直很快乐。

They amu.sed themselves by looking at old photographs.

他们以看旧照片消遣。

词语拓展

amusement n. 消遣

amused adj. 被逗乐的 

amusing adj. 逗人发笑的

3various.=a variety of各种各样的;种种的;

various colors;various reasons

She took the job for various reasons.

她由于种种原因接受了这个工作。

The girls come from a variety of different backgrounds.

姑娘们的出身背景各异。

4come true (愿望)实现;(梦想)成真

不及物动词短语,无被动语态。

The age-long dream of the Chinese dream has come true.

中国人民长期以来的梦想已经实现了

His words came true.

他实现诺言。

5unique adj. 独一无二的;独特的;难得的;特别的

Each person’s fingerprints are unique.

每个人的指纹是独一无二的。

He is the only man English teacher in our school.

他是我们学校唯一的一名男英语老师。

注意:

unique用在单数名词前,它前面通常用a. only 用在单数名词前它前面通常用the.

句子解析

1Whichever and whatever you like ,there is a theme park for you!

无论你喜欢什么,无论你喜欢哪一个,都会有一个适合你的主题公园。

whoever无论谁;whenever无论什么时候;however fast;however high无论怎样快、怎样高

Whoever breaks the law;he or she must be punished.

无论谁违反法律都要受到惩罚。

I’d like to see you whenvere it is convenient to you.

在你方便的时候我想和你见个面。

However high you jump,you will fall down to the ground.

无论你跳多高,你总要落到地上。

2With all these attractions, no wonder tourism is increasing wherever there is a Disneyland.

有这么多吸引人的东西,难怪无论在哪里只要有迪斯尼乐园,旅游业在增加。

1no wonder难怪……;怪不得……=It is no wonder tha

It is no wonder that you can’t sleep when you eat so much.

你吃这么多难怪睡不着。

2It is a wonder that+从句,令人惊奇的是……

It is a wonder that he came here so early this morning.

他今天早晨到得这么早,真是怪事.

wherever无论哪里;无论什么地方;

3You must come to a full stop,wherever you find a stop sign.

无论哪里只要你发现停止标志,你必须完全停下来。

Wherever there is plenty of sun and rain, the fields are green.

无论哪里只有有充沛的阳光和雨水,田野就会绿油油。

Wherever you find high wages, you will generally find high prices.

3Come to Dollywood to have fun learning all about America’s historical southeastern culture!

(你)要想玩得开心到迪斯尼乐园来吧,同时可以了解到美国南部的历史文化。

to have不定式表示目的。

have fun玩得开心,过得愉快; fun不可数名词意思是:有趣的经历(活动);令人兴奋的经历(活动);嬉戏;乐趣;享乐。

learning all about现在分词表示伴随;说明在玩得愉快的同时也了解到了美国南部的文化;与句子主语you呈现主动关系。

The children were having so much fun, I hated to call htem inside.

孩子们玩得正开心,我舍不得不他们叫进来。

Why don’t you come with us? It’ll be great/good fun.

为什么不跟我们一块来呢?会玩得很痛快的。

The kids at school always made fun of Jill’s clothes.

学校里的孩子总嘲笑吉尔的衣服。

 

Learning about Language

重点词语及短语解析

1.prepare (sth) for………准备好; 使某人为……作好准备

I am preparing (a speech) for the meeting on Thursday.

我正为周四的会议作准备。

You must prepare (everything) for the trip .

你必须为这次旅行作好准备。

Two years ago all the athletes were prepraring (themselves) for the 29th Olympics.

They are busy preparing to go on holidy.

sb. be prepared for sth. 愿意做某事;准备应付某事;=be/get ready for…

How much is he prepared to pay for the furniture?

I am prepared to do the work.

Don’t bother him. He is preparing for the final examation.

2.News came that Brain’s old king had died without a son.

有消息说不列颠的老国王去世了没有后代.

这是一个常见的句型,是个同位语从句,因为that从句太长而谓语动词 came太短的缘故.

News( =Word )gets out/around that Liuxiang’s foot is broken and can’t go to the match.

人们听说刘翔的脚伤了结果不能参加这次比赛了.

3.come across偶遇;偶然发现(不用被动语态)

I had never come across a person like him.

我从来没见过像他那样的人.

Don’t stop to look up every new word that you come across when you read.

当你读书时不要停下来去查你所遇到的没个生词

Your point really came across at the meeting.

大家确实理解你在大会上的观点。(come across另外一个意思是被人理解,不用被动语态)

4.make him king.使他成为国王

1)make 使……成为……;接双宾语

2)表示正式的或独一无二的头衔/职位的名词前不用冠词。

Who was made captain of your team?

单元语法解析

复合词、派生词和词类转化

1.复合词

1)合成名词:有两个或两个以上的词组合而成,有的有连字符:有的没有连字符。

fashionshow时装表演;heartbeat心脏跳动;paperback平装书;paperboy报童;dreamland梦境,梦乡,理想世界;safety belt安全带;flower shop鲜花店。

2)合成动词:baby-sit临时替他人照顾(孩子);brain-wash……进行洗脑;chain-smoke一根接一根的抽烟;hard-boil……煮老或到一定程度;sleep-walk在睡觉中走路。

spring-clean; pin-point;window-shop;house-hunt; house-keep

3)合成形容词:

形容词+形容词:bitter-sweet苦乐参半的,甜蜜又辛酸的;deaf-mute又聋又哑的。

形容词/副词+inggood-looking长相好看的;easy-going脾气随和的,温和的;hard-working 勤劳的。

形容词/副词 +edwell-known众所周知的; newly-born新诞生的。  

名词+形容词:grassgreen草绿色的;duty-free免税的,免税商品。

名词+ing分词:ocean-going行驶外洋的,远洋航行的; mouth-watering诱人的。

名词+ed分词:hand-made手工制作的;man-made人工制作的。

形容词+名词+ed分词:kind-heared热心肠的,心底善良的;absent-minded心不在焉的。

2.派生词

派生词是由词根词加上前缀或后缀构成的,一般来讲前缀表示词的意义。

1)表示否定的常见的有:un-;non-;in-;dis-。如:unfair;disloyal;inexact; nonsmoker

2)表示相反的:discover;decrease;uncover;counterattack

3)表示错误或适当的:misjudge;misdirect;maltreat

4)表示程度、大小的:supermarketminiskirtovereat

后缀具有较强的语法作用,多数情况下后缀不改变词意而决定词性。

1)动词变名词:-ation,-ment,-al,-er,-ee,-age,-ness, -ity使……;- ism……主义; -ist……/家。例如:movement运动;arrival到达;cooker炊具happiness幸福; boyhood童年;impression印象;friendship友谊; handfull一捧的量; idealism理想注意;interviewee被采访者;interview采访者;electrcity;reality现实。

2)名词、形容词变成动词:-ify, -ize,-en。例如:widen加宽;enable;使……能做;realize意识到,实现;beautify美化;electrify使……电气化,使……通电。

3)名词变成形容词,常见的后缀:-y, -ish, -some,-ous,-less,- ful,-ward。例如:foolish愚蠢的;humourous幽默的;faultless完美无缺的,无错误的;downward向下的。

3.词性转化

我们要注意词性的转化,决大部分动词既是及物动词又是不及物动词;相当一部分名词可以动用。

1She is always walking her dog befor breakfast.

饭前她总是溜溜狗。(及物动词)

2He likes walking after supper.

他喜欢饭后散散步。(不及物动词)

3The river flooded several villages.

洪水淹没了好几个村庄。(名词动用)

4He dared not to face me if he said so.

他不敢面见我如果他这样说的话。

 

Using Languange

重点词语及短语解析

1experience不可数名词:经验;阅历

My past /personal experience told me that none of my students prepared their lessons.

我个人的/过去的经验告诉我没有一个学生预习功课。

可数名词:经历

It was a bad/dreadful/strange/unforgetable/for me to go hiking around the city alone last summer.

去年夏天我一个人环城徒步旅行是个难忘的经历。

Children need to experience things for themselves to learn from them.

儿童需要自己经历事情以便从中学习.

experienced adj.经验丰富的;有经验的

He is an experienced teacher;that’s to say,he is experiecnec in teaching.

他是个有经验是老师,也就是说在教学方面他很有经验。

类似的还有:skilled有技术的;gifted有天赋的;born天生的;learned博才多学的;aged上了年纪的。

2survive v. (经历事故、战争或疾病等灾难后)活下来、幸存、幸免于难;(东西)保存下来;从困难 中挺过来;挣扎着活下去

Only 12 of the 140 passengers survived the airplaincrash.

140名乘客中只有12人幸免于难。

The poor man may not survive this winter.

那个可怜老人可能活不过冬天.

Only three of his books survived after the fire

大火后他的书只剩下三本了。

3take part in参加某种活动、竞赛并在其中发挥作用或负责任。

More than 500 athltetes took part in the 29th Olympics in Beijing

500多名运动员参加了第29届北京奥林匹克运动会。

He took no part in the two battles of Napolin’s.

他没有参加拿破伦的那两次战役。

词义辨析

Join/jion sb./jion sb. in doing sth/attend sth

Join a party/a union/an organization/a army/a class参加某种团体、组织、党派并成为成员之一

When did you join the Leage Youth? 你什么时候加入少先队的?

join sb in sth/doing sth.和某人一道做事、活动

Will you join (us) in discussing the problem?

你愿意和我们一道讨论该问题吗?

attend a meeting/a conference参加/出席会议;attend a wedding参加婚礼;attend sb’s funeral出席某人的葬礼

attend a lecture/a talk 听演讲/报告;attend school/church上学,去做礼拜

He didn’t attend our wedding.  

他没有参加我的婚礼

His father joined the red army when he was 14 years old.

当他十四岁的时候他的父亲参加了红军。

4advance; in advance; advanced

1advance动词(人、马缓慢而坚定地)前行;推进;(科学技术等)发展、进步、进展

I often saw troops advancing past our village in those days.

当时我经常看到有部队经过我们村向前开去。

Our understanding of human genetics has advancdd considerably

我们对人类遗传学的理解有了很大的进展。

2in advance(固定短语)(时间上)预先;提前

He returned from the US three months in advance.

他提前三个月从美国回来了。

I should warn you in advancewe may not achieve our goal.

我得预先提醒你,我们也有可能实现不了我们的目标。

3advanced 高级的,先进的;advanced weapon先进武器;advanced maths高等数学;advanced learner of English英语高阶学习者。

5beyond

1adv. 在更远处;往更远处;在那边

They crossed the mountains and headed for the valleys beyond.

他们越过群山向那边的山谷行进。

2)迟于某个时间或日期

What changes are waiting for us in the year 20008 and beyond

2008年及其以后还会有什么在等着我们呢?

3prep.(与空间词连用时)在(向)……那一边;越过……

Our school is beyond the tallest building.

我们学校在那个最高楼的那一边。

4)(与时间名词连用时)迟于某个时间或日期

His birthparty went on until beyond midnitht.

他的生日宴会进行到半夜以后。

5)超出……的程度、范围

The light switch was beyond the child’s reach.

灯开关在孩子够不着的地方。

The town centre had changed beyond all recognition

市中心变化很大认不出来了。

句子解析

1.Opened in 1987,Fuutroscope is one of the largest space-age parks in the world.

未来预测园,建于1987,是目前世界上非常现代化的主题公元之一。

opened in 1987是非限制性过去分词短语作定语,说明、解释公园的有关情况,可以放在句首、句中、句尾。它相当于一个非限制性定语从句:which was opened to the public in 1987.

例如:Lu Xun ’s real name is Zhou Shuren , known as a writer.

鲁迅,著名的作家,其真正的名字是周树人。

2.The amazing ,up-to-date informatiion together with many opportunities for hands-on learning makes the world come to life in a completely new way for visttors.

这些让人惊讶的最新的信息加上大量动手实践的机会,让世界以一种全新的方式展现在游客面前。

(1) 这是个简单句,除去修饰成分后就成为:the information makes the worl come to life.

这些信息让世界显示出生机。

Amazing 令人惊讶的; up-to-date 形容词;参考课后注释;

(2) together with many opportunities for hands-on learning 是介词短语作后置定语,因此谓语动词makes用单数形式与主语information相一致。

类似的用法还有:as well as…but except along with together withrather thanas much as …

Nobody but one teacher and three students was in the laboratary.

只有一个老师和三个学生在实验室里。

Mary, along with her sisters,attends the conference regularly.

玛丽还有她的两个姐姐定时参加会议.

(3) opportunities to do sth.或者opporunities for (doing) sth.  

an opportunity for meeting important people接触重要人物的机会

(4) make the world come to life=bring the world to life

come to life是不及物动词词组:苏醒过来;活跃起来;变得生动、有趣。

bring sth to life.是及物动词词组; 使……苏醒过来;使……活跃起来;使……变得生动、有趣。

The game really came to life in the second half.

下半场比赛变得很刺激。

Spring is here and everything comes to life.

春天来了,万物复苏。

Her songs bring our history to life again.

她的歌曲又一次重现了我们的历史.

3.Future oscope has many excellent hotels nearby, most of which provide a shutlle service to the park.

观察未来主题园附近有好多非常好的旅店,其中的大部分给公园提供汽车往返服务。

most of which…是非限制性定语从句, most的前面的逗号很关键,要格外注意。否则就用人称代词most of themwhich 指代的是many excellent hotels,因此provide用复数动词形式。

He has large numbers of close friends, only five of whom are scientists.

他有好多好多要好的朋友,可只有5个是科学家。

He has thousands of books, most of which are written in Chinese.

他有成千上万本书,但大部分都是用中文写的.

4.Come ready to walk a lotbe sure to wear some comfortable sneakers or other walking shoes.

来的时候要作好多走路的准备——务必穿上舒服的运动鞋或别的适合走路的鞋子。

ready to walk a lot 形容词短语作状语,放在句首或句尾,相当于一个状语从句。

例如:Your friend comes to school very upset.

你的朋友经常来到学校,心情很沮丧。

He went home,full of fear all the way.

他回家了,一路上满心恐惧。

He stood against a treeunable to move.

他靠着一棵树战着,不能动弹。

来源:新课标第一网

 

 

 
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