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独立主格结构妙题赏析
  发布者:学科专家   来源:沪江英语  发布时间:2012-02-01

请看下面一道题:Not far from the school there was a garden, _________ owner seated in it playing chess with his little grandson every afternoon.
A. its                        B. whose                  

C. which                    D. that

【分析】此题很容易误选B,许多同学会认为句中逗号后是一个非限制性的定语从句,whose 在定语从句中用作定语修饰其后的名词 owner。此分析从表面上看,似乎天衣无缝,但实质上是错的,原因是空格后根本不是一个句子,因为没有谓语。尽管句中有两个动词,但它们都是非谓语动词。也许有的同学认为,其中的 seated 可视为谓语动词,但是注意,seat 用作动词时,它总是及物的,其后要么接宾语,要么它就用于被动语态,所以若在 seated 前加上助动词 is,则可以选择B(当然若将 seated (当然若将 seated sitting,也应选择B)。所以此题最佳答案选A。请再看一个类似的例子: (1) He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ translated into foreign languages.

A. it              B. them          C. this             D. that

(2) He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.

A. it                        B. them                   

C. which                     D. that

(1)应选B,而不能选C,是因为句中的 translated 是过去分词(非谓语动词),若选C,则该从句无谓语;第(2)应选C,因为句中有谓语 were translatedC

再请看下面一例:(3) He wrote a lot of novels, and many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.
A. it                B. them            C. which        D. that
【分析】此题与上面的第(2)题不同,两句间多了一个并列连词and,说明这是一个并列句,故应选B,则不能选C

请做做以下三题(答案均为B)

(1) There I met several people, two of _________ being foreigners.
A. which                   B. them                    

C. whom                    D. that

(2) There I met several people, two of _________ were foreigners.
A. which                   B. whom                  

C. who                      D. that

(3) There I met several people, and two of _________ were foreigners.
A. which                   B. them                    

C. whom                   D. that

 

 
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