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外研版七年级英语知识点归纳1
  发布者:学科专家   来源:新课标第一网  发布时间:2012-03-30

七年级英语知识点归纳

 

  Module1

1.      be from   come from  来自

He is from America   ---- Is he from America ?

 He comes from Europe  ---  Does he come from Europe ?

  2 . She comes from Australia . She is Australian.  She is an Australian student

她来自澳大利亚,她是澳大利亚人,她是一位澳大利亚学生

          不能说:She is an Australian

3. I’m twelve years old , I’m in Class Six Grade One   12 岁,我在一年级六班

  4. Family name and given name 姓和名字

     Jack Smith and Lang Daming

  5. be (am is are ) 人称的搭配

6. with 表伴随 “和” “与”:

Lucy with her parents lives in Shanghai= Lucy lives in Shanghai with her parents

  7. practice doing 练习干事

                           Module2

1. can (may must should ) 情态动词 +V. 原形

2. play + 球类         play the +乐器

3. welcome to       welcome students to the new school

4. ride a bike to school = go to school by bike 骑自行车上学

5. in    at

     in in Beijing , in a university 大地方

     at :  at the factory小地方     (搭配  at school, at work ,at home

in :   in 1992 ( spring, January,  a month ,a week ) 大时间

      in the morning   泛指一天的部分时间

on:  on January 1st ,  on Sunday morning   具体到某天或特指一天的部分时间

     at:  at 8:00 时刻

 6. This is + 单数人称    These are + 复数人称

 7.元音发音开头 an apple , an English boy

    非元音发音开头: a university , a European wolf

 8. What is your father ?   What’s your father’s job ?  What does your do ?

Module3

1.       There be 句型

There be + 名词+地点 “某地有某人/某物”(谓语动词就近原则)

There is a book and many pens on the desk.

There are many books and a pen on the desk.

Are there any computers in the classroom? (疑问句)

Yes , there are.  /  No, there aren’t. (回答)

2.      Miss Li’s desk  Children’s Day 儿童节 Women’s Day 妇女节Teachers’ Day 教师节

Tom and Jim’s room (共用的房间) Tom’s and Jim’s rooms (各自的房间)

3. forty四十 / ninety 九十/   the twenty-first century二十一世纪

4. any some  一些  (any 疑问和否定句中)  some 肯定句中)

6. 方位词: in front of ….前面 /  in the front of 前部 / behind ….后面/

 next to 挨着/ near 附近 / on .. 上面/  in 里面/ under ..下面 /

 over 正上方: There is a bridge over the river.

7. There is one behind the library. (one 指代前面提到过的)

Are there any shops here?    Yes, there is one next to the school.

 Module4

1 how many + n. 复数   how much+ 不可数名词  how often 多常做某事(问频率)

How many teeth do you have?   How much information do you get?

How often do you go there ?   ---- Once a week.

2family:   集体名词  His family is big.

           个体名词   His family are having lunch.(家庭成员)

2. have got = have   has got = has  

 haven’t got = don’t have    hasn’t got = doesn’t have

 I have got an uncle. = I have an uncle.

 She hasn’t got any sisters. = She doesn’t have any sisters.

3. and 并列   or 选择,否定   but 转折

4.thank sb for sth ..而谢谢某人

thank you for your help/ email.    thank you for helping me.

5. Tom with Betty Sees the film._   Tom Sees the film with Betty

Tom and Betty see the film.

5. an English friend  an American boy

 a useful book  a university      a European student

6. China ---- Chinese     England--- English    America---- American   Australia--- Australian     India ---- Indian        Europe—European

 She is from China, She is Chinese, and she is a Chinese girl.

7. ---Do you like English or Chinese? (选择疑问句)    --- I like English.

8. 代词

+

I

you

he

she

it

we

 

they

+

me

you

him

her

it

us

them

形容词性物主代词+

my

your

his

her

its

our

 

their

名词性物主代词(不能再接名词)

mine

yours

his

hers

its

ours

theirs

Module5

1.drink  n.饮料 一份饮料 e.g. Would you like some drink? 你想喝点什么?

                         I’d like to have a cold / hot  drink. 我想喝杯冷/热饮

        v.喝、饮e.g. I want something to drink.

2.orange cn 橙子,橘子 There are some oranges in the basket.

       un  橙汁Would you like something to drink ? – A glass of orange, please.

            橙色 What color do you like ?  Orange.

3. fruit  cn  水果种类 We can see many kinds of fruits in the market.

       un   水果(数量) Is there any fruit in the fridge? Yes, there is some.

4. food  un  What is your favourite food? My favourite food is apples and pears.

5. potato , tomato  cn  pl. +es: potatoes,  tomatoes,  heroes 注意:radios, photos

6. have got 某人拥有

肯:Sb  have got  something.

I / You/ They/ Tony and Betty  have got some apple juice.

    He/ She/ It/ Tony            has got some apple juice.

否:Sb  haven’t got anything.

I / You/ They/ Tony and Betty  haven’t got any apple juice.

    He/ She/ It/ Tony            hasn’t got any apple juice.

疑:Have sb got anything?

Have you got any apply juice? Yes, I have some.

Has he got any apple juice?   No, I don’t have any.

7. some / any  some 肯定句  any否定句 疑问句

some (一些)用于肯定句和以can, could, may, would, will 开头的,表示请求或提建议的一般疑问句。

如:There are some pens in my pencil-case.    Can I have some fruit?

any(一些)用于否定句和疑问句。

如:I haven’t got any brothers.    Have you got any apples or oranges?

someany既可接可数名词也可接不可数名词

8.可数名词与不可数名词 (P81 Green book)

可数:a tomato, an apple, two potatoes, some noodles, many bananas…

不可数:a glass of milk, two pieces of bread, some water

Module6

1.邀请某人:(1).Would you like to do sth?  (p93)

  e.g. Would you like to go shopping with me?

  Yes, I’d love to. / I’d love to but I must do my homework

(注意:Would you like some water? Yes, please. No, thanks)

(2) Let’s do sth. ---That is a good idea./ OK/ All right.

(3) What about doing sth

2. 介词 in, on, at 的用法:

in +时间段( 年、季节、月份和早午晚)

e.g. in 1999, in July/May…, in the morning/afternoon/ evening, in spring/ summer/ autumn/ winter

on+具体某一天,或早上、下午、晚上前有定语(如表示天气的词

e.g  on Monday…, on December 24, on a cold morning…

Module 7

1.时间表达法1)询问时间What time is it? /What’s the time?

整点:用数字表示,或加上o’clock  如: at ten ,  at ten o’clock

半点:用half + past表示 eg: half past ten, half past five, half past twelve

<30’ : 用介词past:分钟+past+钟点 eg: 9:05 :five past nine 6:20 twenty past six

>30’: 用介词to, 分钟(60-所给分钟数)+ to+(所给钟点+1) 250 ten to three

分钟是“15 或“45 ,通常用a quarter(一刻钟)eg: 4:15 a quarter past four

9:45  a quarter to ten

2) 询问星期几: What day is it today? It’s Tuesday. (it 指代时间,天气或距离)

3) 询问日期:   What’s the date today? It’s June 1st .

2. 介词 in, on, at 的用法:

in +时间段( 年、季节、月份和早午晚)

e.g. in 1999, in July/May…, in the morning/afternoon/ evening, in spring/ summer/ autumn/ winter

on+具体某一天,或早上、下午、晚上前有定语(如表示天气的词

e.g on Monday…, on December 24, on a cold morning…

at+钟点时间 at 9 o’clock

3. We have Chinese at eight o’clok. 表示上什么课不用the .eg: have chemistry/ have English /have maths /have history/ have music/ have art/ have P.E./ have science

4. What about /How about + doing sth …怎么样? (表示征求意见)

5. 有用的短语get up / go home /have breakfast / have lunch / have dinner/next to/have a break / talk to(with) / do one’s homework/ go to bed

Module8

1.  一般现在时: 频率副词的用法,放在行为动词前,主语或be动词后

always总是>usually通常>often经常>sometimes有时>seldom很少>never从不(程度依次减弱)seldom/never表否定

eg: He never/seldom sings or dances.

3.      send sb sth = send sth to sb   

 give sb sth = give sth to sb   make sth for sb =make sb sth  

 choose sth for sb= choose sb sth   buy sth for sb=buy sb sth

eg: We send him a card.= We send a card to him.

   I make a cake for her. = I make her a cake.

3. a concert ticket / two concert tickets

4. a pair of jeans/  two pairs of jeans /两条牛仔裤 

 类似的单词还有:shoes, glasses , gloves , shorts, scissors, chopsticks, trainers

    数词+ pair(s) of +名词

5.许多:lots of = a lot of (多用于肯定)many+n , much+不可n (多用于否定)

eg: There isn’t much milk in the bottle.  /   There is a lot of money in his pocket.

询问:How much milk is there in the bottle? (直接问有多少牛奶

      How many bottles of milk are there?  (问有多少牛奶,瓶是可数)

6.She buys CDs by her favourite singers.   by:表示“由……,被……”

eg: I like the songs by Liu Dehua. 我喜欢刘德华的歌。

 

 
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如何设计展示活动?要让学生能达成目标、感受成功、受到鼓励、产生动力,反馈时要考虑全部学生的参与方式,否则变成几个人的活动,其他人不关注,会使活动的有效性大打折扣。
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