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温州市十校联合体2012年高二下学期英语期末试题及答案
  发布者:学科专家   来源:中学学科网  发布时间:2012-07-04

2011学年第二学期十校联合体高二期末联考

英语试卷

(满分120分,考试时间:100分钟)

I95分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间,有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What's the most probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. They are host and guest.                     B. They are waiter and customer. 

C. They are husband and wife.

2. Where did this conversation take place?

A. At the hospital.                    B. At the airport.                  C. At the post office.

3. Why will the woman go to London?

A. To have a look at London.    B. To go with her friend.              C. To spend the weekend.

4. What's the woman's job?

A. She is a saleswoman.           B. She is a waitress.              C. She is a hotel clerk.

5. What will the weather be like?

A. It will be clear.                           B. It will rain.               C. It will snow.

第二节(共15小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题将给出每题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第68题。

6. Why was Paul angry with Jane?

A. She told the others about his salary.    

B. She told Mrs. Wallace his salary.

C. She always talks to everybody.

7. Why did Jane tell Mrs. Wallace the news according to her own explanation?

A. Because she thought it doesn't matter.

B. Because she knew everybody would know at last.

C. Because she got too excited and wasn't thinking.

8. What does Paul mean by "Everyone in this town got a big nose"?

A. People in this town have big noses.

B. People in this town are always eager to know about others' things.

C. People don't care about each other.[

听第7段材料,回答第911题。

9. What is the man reading?

A. A magazine.                B. A Chinese play.               C. A newspaper.

10. Where are they going at the weekend?

A. Beihai Park.        B. Beihai Theater                C. Beihai Cinema.

11. What are they going there for?

A. To see Beijing Opera.                 B. For a visit.        C. To learn Beijing Opera.

听第8段材料,回答第1214题。

12. Why didn't Mike take an examination yesterday?

A. Because he didn't want to do so.

B. Because he got sick.

C. Because he got the examination date wrong.

13. What did the professor permit Mike to do?

A. Have all examination at home.

B. Have an exam sometime later when he got better.

C. Have an exam next term.

14. Why didn't Mike drive his car?[x kb 1.c om

A. Because the doctor told him not to.

B. Because he liked taking a walk.

C. Because he didn't think he was able to.

听第9段材料,回答第1517题。

15. Where does Tom take the part-time job?

A. At a s tore.          B. At a restaurant.                C. At a hospital.

16. What does Tom tell his mother in yesterday's letter?

A. He had made a new discovery.  

B. He had lost his new job.

C. He had just bought a car.

17. Why does Tom tell his mother about his job?

A. Because he doesn't want her to worry about his job.

B. Because he doesn't want her to worry about his life.

C. Because he doesn't want her to worry about his marriage.

听第10段材料,回答第1820题。

18. Where did the fire probably start?

A. On the first floor.                     B. On the second floor.         C. On the third floor.

19. When was the building built?

A. In 1718.                           B. In 1782.                          C. In 1930.

20. What was the building used as at the time of the fire?

A. A history museum.            B. A hotel.                          C. The old people's home.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 单项填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

21. Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to ______ mental health. Daydreaming, they say, is ______ good means of relaxation.

A. the; 不填               B. 不填;  the       C.  不填; 不填            D. 不填; a

22. The flu is believed ________ by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside human nose and throat.

Acausing       Bbeing caused     Cto be caused       Dto have caused

23. --- Why do you look so blue?

--- The mosquitoes __________ me so much that I couldn’t sleep.

  A. punished      B. annoyed         C. damaged        D. disturbed

24. I have never met with ______ as he is before, who has really impressed me a great deal.

   A. as a clever boy    B. as a boy clever     C. as clever a boy   D. as clever boy

25. Due to the heavy flood in Thailand, large _______ of supplies _____ in desperate need in the flood-stricken area now.

   A. quantity; is    B. amounts; are    C. quantities; are     D. amount; is

26. Not far from the club, there is a garden, its owner __________ in it ___________ bridge with his children every afternoon.

A. seated; playing     B. seats; plays   C. seated; plays    D. seating; playing

27. --- I can’t even pay this week’s rent.

   ---Would        help if I lend you some money?

  A. it                      B. you                        C. that                   D. one

28. -----Why didn’t you ring me up?

   ----- Sorry, I forgot your phone number. Otherwise, I _____ long before.

   A. had rung you u p                           B. must run you up       

   C. would have rung you up                   D. would ring you up

29. ---I will take an exam next week and I am well-prepared.

   ---________.

   A. Congratulations. B. All the best.  C. Cheer up.   D. Take it easy.

30You were charged _____ ignoring your dutyWho accused you _____ such a crime?

A. with; to      B. of; with         C. with; of          D. for; of

31________ I think of the happy old days, I can’t help smiling.

A. Every time that       B. Every time as    C. Every time when       D. Every time

32. How do you like your trip to Hainan?

________,I enjoyed it very muchalthough the weather was hot sometimes.

AIn addition    BOn the whole    CIn other words       DOn the other hand

33. Father is strongly opposed ______ shopping on Sunday because the streets and supermarkets are full of people.

   A. to do          B. of doing        C. doing          D. to doing

34. It was not until yesterday ______ he returned _______ to know the news.

A. when; that I got   B. when ; that did I get  C. that ; that I got          D. that ; that did I get

35.______ from the operation, the patient was advised to stay in hospital for another two weeks.

   A. Having not fully recovered         B. Being not fully recovered 

C. Not having fully recovered         D. Not fully recovering

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项。

A 25-year-old student from Hubei was    36    into TsinghuaChina’s most famous university after an eight—year struggleLi Jun comes from a poor family in a small village of Hubei ProvinceHe first   37   going to college in the year 2000  38  he was admitted by a 1ocal school after   39   from a secondary technical school at age 17Being a   40  art studenthe passed the exam again next year but   41  school because of lacking money in September 2002Life seemed    42     but Li didn’t give inHe earned a   43  by working part time in Wuhan’s art rooms and tutoring studentsBut he never lost sight of his lifelong dream of   44  the Academy of ArtsDesign of Tsinghua UniversityLi  45   the college entrance examination for five continuous years starting from 2003   46   he missed making the cut one mark last year

    In 2008his fifth tryLi’s efforts    47   He finished the qualifying exam in his province and was finally admitted as a sculpture major into Tsinghua UniversityEvery year, Li took art   48  in Beijing and took exams from December to MarchHe then took cultural courses in his school till June. The rest of the year he spent on   49   workLi said he hadn’t   50   any money from his family since he graduated from the technical secondary schoolLi said the reason he maintained for eight years was that he wanted to change his fate(命运)   51    knowledge.

52   by his contributionLi Jun’s university funded him 9000 yuan out of his tuition fees of 11450 yuanAn eight—year struggle may have come to an end for Li Junbut a new   53   has now begunLi said he   54    not worry about repaying loans at presentHe wants to study well and   55   more scholarships

36Aaccept              Badmitted          Cadmired                  Dallowed

37Atalked of                  Btold of            Cknew of              D dreamt of

38Awhere               Bsince              Cthat                  Dwhen

39Alearning            Bseparating        Cgraduating           Ddating

40Asurprised         Bgifted                 Cinterested            Deasy going

41Awent on with     Bwatched out for  C1ooked forward to      Ddropped out of

42Afair                  Bunfair             Clucky                 Dunlikely

43Avalue                Brespect            C1iving             Dfreedom

44Avisiting            Bentering             Csupporting           Dpursing

45Aturned to          Bapplied for        Ccalled for        Dadapted to

46AInstead           BAt times            CHowever             DBesides

47Atook off           Bgave off            Cpaid off               Dsent off

48Aways                 Bprogrammes      Csuccess             Dcourses    

49Afull—time       Bpart—time        Cout—of—door     Dall

50Aasked for           Blooked for         Cprayed for           Dwaited for

51Aon              Bfor                   Cthrough            Dinto

52AEncouraged      BImpressed          CAccused           DInfluenced

53Achallenge        B1ife                  Ccase                    Drelationship

54A. will             B.  would         C. can             D. might

55Aspend              Buse                   Ccare                    Dwin

第三部分:阅读理解(第一节15小题,第二节5小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

    The Antarctic Icecap is the largest supply of fresh waterrepresenting nearly 2of the

 world’s total of fresh and salt water. As can be seen from the table below, the amount of water

 in our atmosphere is over 10 times as much as the water in all the rivers taken together. The

 fresh water actually available for human use in lakes and rivers and the accessible ground

 water amount to only about one-third of 1of the world’s total water supply.

 

 

Surface area(sq mi)

Volume(cu mi)

Percentage of total

Salt water

The oceans

139,500,000

317,000,000

97.2

Inland seas and saline lakes

270,000

 

25,000

 

0.008

 

Fresh water

Freshwater lakes

330,000

30,000

0.009

All rivers(average level)

300

0.0001

Antarctic Icecap

6,000,000

6,300,000

1.9

Arctic Icecap and glaciers

900,000

680,000

0. 21

Water in the atmosphere

197,000,000

3,100

0. 001

Ground water within half

a mile from surface

 

 

 

 

 

a mile from surface

 

1,000,000

 

 

0. 31

 

Deep-lying ground water

1,000,000

0. 31

Total (rounded)

326,000,000

100.00

56. What’s the best title of this passage?

A. Fresh Water in the World    B. Protection of the Water in the World

C. Salt Water of the Earth      D. Water Supply of the World

57. It can be seen from the table______.

   A. humans will have to use sea water in the future

   B. there is enough fresh water for man to use   

   C. Water in the atmosphere is the least

   D. the sea water takes up 98of the water on earth

58. The fresh water that humans can use is _________.

   A. about 1,086,700 cu mi     B. about 6,300,000 cu mi

   C. about 680,000 cu mi             D. about 2,000,000 cu mi

59. Where does the majority of fresh water exists?

A. In Arctic Icecap and glaciers.     B. In the Antarctic Icecap.

C. In Deep ground.                D. In the atmosphere.

60. What are the two places where equal amount of fresh water is stored?

   A. Freshwater lakes and all rivers(average level)

   B. Antarctic Icecap and water in the atmosphere

   C. Ground water within half a mile from surface and Deep-lying ground water.

   D. Deep-lying ground water and Arctic Icecap and glaciers    

B

Many cities have subways and underground public transportation to take locals and tourists alike rapidly around the city. However, there’s something different about riding a Lon don subway. It may not look different, but the historical value of one of England’s most popular forms of transportation is enough to make riding the subway a must when visiting London. With a little under 300 different stations, the subway can take you almost anywhere you need to go.

Riding a London subway, a person from other countries will notice one major difference: in London, people do not look at each other. In fact, eye contact is avoided at all times. That’s not rudenesspeople are just too busy to bother looking.

Busy doing what, you ask? Well, they’re certainly not using the time for a moment of quiet thinking. Nor are they reading a book. New technology has replaced quiet habits. Today the only acceptable form of book on the London underground is an e-book.

Apple must earn a fortune from London commuters(使用月票上下班者). Since the launch of the iPhone in 2007, over 40,000yes, that’s 40,000 “apps” have been designed.

Commuters love them because they are the perfect time-fillers. One “app”, called iShoot, is a game that features tanks. Another one, Tube Exits, tells passengers where to sit on the train to be closest to the exit of their destination. iSteam clouds the iPhone screen when you breathe into the microphone. You can then write in the “steam” on your phone screen.

For those without an iPhone, another Apple product, the iPod, may be the distraction(消遣)of choice. It’s not just teenagers who “plug in” to their musiciPods are a popular way to pass the time for all ages.

And if games, e-books and music aren’t enough to keep you occupied, then perhaps you would prefer a film? The development of palm DVD technology means many commuters watch their favorite TV shows or films on the way to work. With all these distractions, it’s amazing that people still remember to get off the train.

61. Those who want to save time to reach where they go can download ______ to their iPhones.

A. iShoot      B. Tube Exits      C. iSteam      D. iPod

62. People in London do not make eye contact on the subway because ______.

A. they are going to work and have no time to communicate with each other   

B. they love reading books and do not want to be disturbed

C. they feel sleepy because of getting up early

D. they are busy playing games, reading e-books, listening to music or watching films

63. The underlined word “apps” in the fourth paragraph means ______.

A. computers             B. programs downloaded for the iPhone     

C. computer companies     D. fortune from London commuters

64. Which word best describes the writer’s attitude towards commuters’ behaviors?

A. for   B. against     C. neutral      D. hateful

65. The main idea of the passage is that ______.

A. London commuters are unfriendly to strangers

B. Apple has earned a lot of money from selling 40,000 apps

C. technology is chang ing how London commuters spend their traveling time

D. riding a London subway is a must when visiting London

C

Everybody is happy as his pay rises. Yet pleasure at your own can disappear if you learn that a fellow worker has been given a bigger one. Indeed, if he is known as being lazy, you might even be quite cross. Such behavior is regarded as “all too human”, with the underlying belief that other animals would not be able to have this finely developed sense of sadness. But a study by Sarah Brosnan of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been published in Nature, suggests that it is all too monkey, a s well.

The researchers studied the behaviors of some kind of female brown monkeys. They look smart. They are good-natured, co-operative creatures, and they share their food happily. Above all, like female human beings, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of “goods and services” than males.

Such characteristics make them perfect subjects for Doctor Brosnan’s study. The researchers spent two years teaching their monkeys to exchange tokens (奖券) for food. Normally, the monkeys were happy enough to exchange pieces of rock for pieces of cucumber. However, when two monkeys were placed in separate and connected rooms, so that each other could observe what the other is getting in return for its rock, they became quite different.

In the world of monkeysgrapes are excellent goods (and much preferable to cucumbers). So when one monkey was handed a grape in exchange for her token, the second was not willing to hand hers over for a mere piece of cucumber. And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other either shook her own token at the researcher, or refused to accept the cucumber. Indeed, the mere presence of a grape in the other r oom (without an actual monkey to eat it) was enough to bring about dissatisfaction in a female monkey.

The researches suggest that these monkeys, like humans, are guided by social senses. In the wild, they are co-operative and group-living. Such co-operation is likely to be firm only when each animal feels it is not being cheated. Feelings of anger when unfairly treated, it seems, are not the nature of human beings alone. Refusing a smaller reward completely makes these feelings clear to other animals of the group. However, whether such a sense of fairness developed independently in monkeys and humans, or whether it comes from the common roots that they had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unanswered question. w.w.^w.zxxk.c.#o@m

66. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Only monkeys and humans can have the sense of fairness in the world.

B. Women will show more dissatisfaction than men when unfairly treated.

C. In the wild, monkeys are never unhappy to share their food with each other.

D. Monkeys can exchange cucumbers for grapes, for grapes are more attractive.

67. The underlined statement “it is all too monkey” means that ________.

A. monkeys are also angry with lazy fellows

B. feeling angry at unfairness is also monkey’s nature

C. monkeys, like humans, tend to be envious of each other

D. no animals other than monkeys can develop such feelings

68. Female monkeys of this kind are chosen for the research most probably because they are ____.

A. more likely to pay attention to the value of what they get    

B. attentive to researchers’ instructions

C. nice in both appearance and behaviors

D. more ready to help others than their male companions

69 Which of the following conclusions is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Human beings' feelings of anger are developed from the monkeys.

B. In the research, male monkeys are less likely to exchange food with others.

C. Co-operation between monkeys stays firm before the realization of being cheated.

D. Only monkeys and humans have the sense of fairness dating back to 35 million years ago.

70. What can we infer about the monkeys in Sarah’s study?

A. The monkeys can be trained to develop social senses.

B. They usually show their feelings openly as humans do.

C. The monkeys may show their satisfaction wit h equal treatment.

D. Co-operation among the monkeys remains effective in the wild.

第二节:任务型阅读 下面文章中有5处(第66~70题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(ABCDEF)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。

A. Arguments are pointless.             

B. Your parents only want what's best for you.

C. Everyone's opinion matters only as much as you want them to.

D. You learn by doing.                             

E. Your emotions are under your control.

F. You aren't stuck in any situation.

Life is the greatest teacher

There always comes a moment when I wonder where I will end up and this moment always serves as a strong motivation for me to learn life les son. I've learned a great many things, but these are the lessons that I wish I'd learned earlier:

71. _________

There was a time when everyone's opinion was mine as well. Whatever preferences I formerly held were dashed in the face of another's. This most likely came from a need to please others. Remember that your opinion matters just as much as the next guy's, whether they make more money than you or are less popular than you. Everyone's opinion holds the same weight.

72. _________

Drama, chaos, and emotional unrest — these were what took up most of my time as a teenager. If I had heard someone said bad things behind my back, I'd be angry. Go crazy. Looking back on those tantrums now, I'm not too surprised. After all, when you have little self control, anything is possible. The lessons here is, remain aware of how you react.

73. _________

Will one small quarrel among friends decide the fate of the entire universe? In my world it felt like it. I just wanted so much to be right and for them so much to be wrong. But in the end, it only resulted in me wasting my time and in the other person storming off in frustration. Is there really a point to arguing? Unless it's absolutely necessary, I've learned that it's better to hold your breath on things you can't control at all. Arguing to change someone's mind is one of them.

74. _________

I'm not saying every parent wants what's best for you (there are outliers), but in general, parents do what they do for you in your best interest. My parents used to make me do the dishes, cook dinner, sweep the floors, mow the lawn, take out the garbage… the list goes on and on. And at every turn, I'd whine and complain. I'd eventually end up doing it. Now, I honestly see the value in having learned those skills. I can efficiently cook and clean up after myself.

75. _________

Whenever I’d lose a friend, get an awful grade, or disappoint my parents, I stewed in my own muck. Waiting for the bad moments to go away seemed to be the only solution. Fortunately, I know now that you don’t have to be stuck in bad situations. You can go out and create better ones. It all depends on perspective; on how you see the situation. Viewing everything as a learning experience makes life more pleasurable, even during the hard times. You aren't stuck. You can move on.

I'm glad to have learned these lessons the way I did. Each experience helped shape me to become a better person. I don't know if any young people are reading this, but if they are, I'd like to say this: “Listen to life and its experiences. Everyone goes through mostly the same things.”                                        

非选择题部分(共25分)

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分25分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(, 并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Although all the students seem very happily at our school, but the buildings would be more beautiful      if the school could decorated. We students thought the school looks like a desert and the concrete walls like the grey sky in a rainy day. We would be much happier and be able to study better if there are the number of posters, photos and paintings on the wall, that could certainly broaden our horizons and enrich our lives. Original art work are too expensive, but unless we buy art posters, the cost will be low. Using only a little money, it can make our school a nicer place.

第二节:书面表达满分15

    假定你是李华。在一个英文网站论坛上,你看到一个名叫Grown-up的中学生发帖(post寻求帮助,请根据帖子内容,写作要点回贴。

   Grown-up               Post at 26-6-2009  20:08                       1

Hi, everyone,

I’m 17 years old and I am a Senior Two student in a high school.

But my mother continues to treat me as a three-year-old boy.

Nowbie

            What should I do?

  TOP

+REPLY

+NEW

Last Topic   Next Topic

 

写作要点:1、告诉Grown-up要理解母亲;

          2、给Grown-up提出解决问题的具体建议,如:与母亲进行一次心与心的交谈,做好自己的事,让母亲放心等。

注意:可以适当发挥,不必逐字翻译。词数100字左右,文章开头已给出(不计入总词数)。

Hi, Grown-up

As a student of your age, I understand your situation.                                 

第二节:书面表达(满分15分)

One possible version

Hi, Grown-up,                                                                       

     As a student of your age, I understand your situation. The problem you are facing is common among our teenagers. However, it should be wise not to do anything that may hurt her feelings. Here are a few suggestions.                                                                               

     First, it’s advisable to talk more with your mom. Heart to heart talks help you understand each other better. Besides, why not find more opportunities to let her know your ideas and attitudes toward many things. In this way, she may realize you have grown up .                                                         

     Second, you should learn to do your own things well, proving to your mom that you are already a “Grown-up”. It’s even better if you could share more of the housework, such as cleaning, washing and cooking.  I believe your mom will eventually understand you and you can get along well with her.

 

 
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