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人教版高中英语必修四Unit4单元测试题及答案(含听力材料)
  发布者:学科专家   来源:新课标第一网  发布时间:2012-08-07

必修44单元检测题
                               (总分120)
    
    第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
    第一节(5小题;每小题1.5,满分7.5)
     听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
   1. What happened to the man this morning?
     A. He couldn’t talk.    B. His car broke down.
     C. He was knocked down by a car.
   2. What time is it now?
     A. 5:30.     B. 5:45.       C. 6:30.
   3. What are the two speakers talking about?
     A. The man’s vacation.     B. Koala.
     C. A funny man.
   4. What is Simon like?
     A. He is friendly.     B. He is funny.
     C. He is troublesome.
   5. What does the woman mean?
     A. She is tired of training.    B. She enjoys the teamwork.
     C. She likes the 10-minute show.
     第二节(15小题;每小题1.5,满分22.5)
     听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
     听第6段材料,回答第67题。
   6. What does the woman think of working in IT?
     A. The work is not good.    B. The work is very hard.
     C. The work has two advantages.
   7. What does the woman advise the man to do?
     A. The man shouldn’t be in IT.
     B. The man should work hard.
     C. The man should take better care of himself.
     听第7段材料,回答第810题。
   8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
     A. Colleagues.     B. Teammates.      C. Classmates.
   9. Which sport does the man like best?
     A. Baseball.       B. Tennis.         C. Basketball.
   10. What does the woman mean by saying "sorry"?
     A. She has never done sports herself.
     B. She doesn’t like those sports.
     C. She has no time to play tennis.
     听第8段材料,回答第1113题。
   11. What is the man?
     A. A story-teller.    B. A teacher.    C. A doctor.
   12. What is the problem of the woman’s son?
     A. He cannot tell stories well.
     B. He is poor in all his subjects.
     C. He is only interested in Chinese.
   13. What does the man advise the woman to do?
     A. Take her son to the hospital.
     B. Bring her son to meet him.
     C. Teach her son to have more interests.
     听第9段材料,回答第1417题。
   14. What is the woman’s article about?
     A. Growing old.     B. Enjoying life.
     C. Understanding the world.
   15. What is the man’s opinion?
     A. Life is simple now.     B. Life is getting better.
     C. It’s hard to grow old.
   16. What about other people?
     A. They are enjoying getting older.
     B. They get better as they get older.
     C. They refuse to stay young.
   17. How does the woman feel about growing old?
     A. It’s hard.     B. It’s natural.     C. It’s good.
     听第10段材料,回答第1820 题。
   18. What does the passage talk about?
     A. How to do exercise every day.
     B. How to get a good eating habit.
     C. How to build muscle mass.
   19. What is a good way to build muscle mass?
     A. Weight training.
     B. Cut out milk and fruit juice.
     C. Do exercise together with your teacher.
   20. Which of the following should you eat or drink to gain weight?
     A. Baked chicken.     B. High-sugar sodas.
     C. Fried chicken nuggets.
    
    第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
     第一节单项填空(15小题;每小题1,满分15)
     ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
   21. As it was his first time to visit the science museum, the boy seemed ________       

about everything there.
     A. anxious    B. curious C. particular D. frightened
   22. As we all know, the dove and the olive branch ______ peace.
     A. present    B. mark   C. replace    D. represent
    23. The kids seated themselves ______ to the teacher and listened _______ with great  

interest.
       A. closely; close     B. close; closely
       C. closely; closely    D. close; close
     24. The little boy ________ for the apples on the tree, but of course he was not  

tall enough.
        A. handed out     B. went out
         C. reached out    D. brought out
     25. Daddy didn’t mind what we were doing, as long as we were together, _____ fun.
         A. had     B. have     C. to have    D. having
     26. Children, who grow up in a large family, are more _______ to get along well  

with others.
         A. similar    B. probable    C. likely    D. possible
     27.As a bus driver, you should try your best to _______ accidents.
         A. meet    B. avoid     C. overcome    D. miss
     28. What really brings us together is a(n) ________ purpose to protect wildlife  

from being destroyed.
         A. common    B. general    C. ordinary    D. normal
     29. We should do all we can to ______ the rights of the farmer workers who can’t  

get their pay despite all their hard work.
         A. gain      B. defend      C. fight      D. receive
     30. The woman wanted to get her pay raised, so she made every _________ to approach

her boss.
         A. effort     B. strength   C. courage    D. mind
     31. Can you think of a situation ________ people communicate only by means of body

language?
         A. that       B. which      C. where      D. when
     32. New York _______ second in the production of apples last year, producing

850,000,000 pounds.
         A. formed      B. ranked    C. located     D. produced
     33. _________ the guide, the reporter entered the house of the farmer who is famous  

for helping other villagers get rich.
         A. Followed     B. Being followed
         C. Following     D. To follow
     34. Don’t _________ me. What I really mean is that he is smart and can deal with

each situation well.
         A. believe          B. refuse
         C. misunderstand    D. disappoint
     35. —You haven’t been to Australia, have you?
         —_________. How I wish to go there!
          A. Yes, I have      B. Yes, I haven’t
          C. No, I have        D. No, I haven’t
    

第二节完形填空(20小题;每小题1.5,满分30)
     阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的ABCD四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的最佳选项。
     People spend their whole lives searching for love. I am no 36 . One day, I decided to look into the 37 . There was 38 waiting for me. The dog had been found with only three legs, and had a damaged ear. He was considered 39 . I often 40 out at the Humane Society (动物保护协会) or made some do-nations. That day I was 41 something as usual, and happened to see him. Looking down through the wire net, I thought he was a 42 little thing, and my heart went out to him. 43 I really couldn’t take another dog home; I had claimed (领养) four 44 . There had to be a 45 , I thought. I couldn’t save them all.
     On my way home, I knew the dog would be 46 if I didn’t take him, and I felt so sad. As I passed a church, I saw a 47 on the wall saying "Is there room at the hotel?"
 I knew at that moment there was always 48 for one more, especially one that needed my 49 . As soon as the Humane Society opened the next morning, their 50 rang. "I’m coming for that 51 dog. Save him for me, "I told them. I got there as 52 as I could.
     And he gave his heart to me completely, from the moment I 53 him. In my experience, there is 54 like the feeling of rescuing the dog. He is a lovely creature and I wouldn’t 55 him for other puppies (幼犬) in the world.
     36. A. similar   B. curious   C. different   D. doubtful
     37. A. zoo       B. world     C. crowd       D. cage
     38. A. love      B. mystery   C. comfort     D. inspiration
     39. A. dangerous    B. cruel
         C. unhealthy    D. unfriendly
     40. A. helped       B. examined      C. conducted     D. watched
     41. A. looking for      B. giving away     C. picking out     D. bringing back
     42. A. happy       B. lovely       C. strange      D. funny
     43. A. So        B. And        C. But      D. Though
     44. A. once      B. even     C. still      D. already
     45. A. chance        B. disadvantage      C. limit      D. doubt
     46. A. destroyed      B. fastened      C. threatened      D. controlled
     47. A. photo       B. sign      C. clue      D. door
     48. A. room         B. time     C. excuse     D. problem
     49. A. treatment    B. promise     C. guidance    D. love
     50. A. doorbell     B. alarm       C. phone      D. clock
     51. A. pretty       B. ugly         C. rare    D. disabled
     52. A. early        B. fast         C. soon     D. long
     53. A. found      B. met      C. claimed     D. controlled
     54. A. nothing     B. everything      C. anything      D. something
     55. A. charge       B. protect        C. fight         D. trade
    
    第三部分阅读理解
     (共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)
    
    阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A
    难度:★

The "Thumbs-Up"
     While Western culture has become used to the thumbs-up as a positive signal (probably coming from World War II pilots using the signal to communicate that they were "good to go" with ground crews), there are cultures where a thumbs-up may land you in trouble. In West Africa, as well as Greece, Italy and Middle East, the thumbs-up is pretty much the biggest insult(侮辱).
     Rather more charming is a thumbs-up in Germany and in parts of Japan —they just see it as the hand signal for the number one.

The "A-OK"
     This sign is mainly used by divers(潜水员)to mean "OK"(to prevent being confused with the thumbs-up sign, which means "rise"). Basically the meaning comes out as "great", or "completely fine". However, in a few countries in Europe, people may think you’re telling them that you think they’re a 'zero’.

 The "V Sign"
     The sign comes in two formats: one with the palm faced outwards, and one with the palm inwards. In America they mean the same thing —"victory". However, if the outside of your hand is facing your target, you’re giving somebody a long-established insult in Great Britain and many English-speaking countries such as Australia, Ireland and New Zealand. Winston Churchill famously used the "incorrect" version of the V sign during the early years of the war, turning the outside inside later. The V sign is also considered rude in Italy.

The "Corna"
     The corna hand gesture has most recently been adopted by fans of rock and heavy metal music. Nowadays many Americans use the gesture simply to mean "rock on", or in support of the University of Texas in Austin (known as the "Hook’em Horns"). Today it is still popular in Spain, Brazil and Slovakia (斯洛伐克) . Historically, however, the symbol possibly dates back to Ancient Greece.

56. Which of the following signs doesn’t have an insulting meaning?

A. The "Thumbs-Up".   B. The "A-OK".

C. The "V Sign".      D. The "Corna".

57. The pilots in World War II used to make the "Thumbs-Up" sign to show _________.

A. the plane was very good
     B. the plane was ready to take off

C. they were going to land on the ground
     D. they were thankful to the ground crews

58. What information can we get from the passage?
    A. The "V Sign" was first used by Winston Churchill.

B. Italians often use the "Thumbs-Up" to praise others.

C. You are most likely to see the "Corna" in a heavy metal music concert.

D. The "A-OK" and the "Thumbs-Up" have the same meaning to divers.

59. If you travel abroad, you ’d better not use the "V Sign" in ______________.

A. Greece or Italy     B. Germany or Japan

C. Ireland or Italy    D. Spain or Brazil
    
    B
    
    难度:★★

The 1960 Presidential Debates between Vice President Nixon and Kennedy were the first nationally televised de-bates in presidential campaign history. 70 million voters were given the opportunity to not only hear the candidates (候选人), but to compare them as well.
     Surprisingly, there was a big difference between the TV viewers and the radio listeners. While the radio listeners clearly thought that Nixon had won the first debate, the television viewers were impressed by Kennedy’s smile, charm and athletic appearance.
     Now let’s think about some other situations: what if a baseball manager knew the opposing team’s signals and were able to anticipate (预期)their game plan? Likewise, as a professional salesperson, you would be wise to notice your customers’body language and adjust your presentation accordingly.
     Top salespeople recognize the importance of non-verbal communication. They understand that one of the easiest and most effective ways to close sales is to be aware of their customers’buy signals. In addition to monitoring your customers’body language, it’s important to be mindful of your own gestures and keep them positive. Remember to unfold your arms, uncross your legs, nod your head in agreement and smile frequently.
     Matching and mirroring your body language gestures is a way of telling another that you like them and agree with them. The psychological principle behind matching and mirroring is that people want to do business with salespeople that they believe are similar to them.
     In 1872, Charles Darwin published the book The Expressions in Man and Animals and launched the modern study of non-verbal communication. Actually, it is a mixture of movement, posture and tone of voice.

60. The example of the 1960 Presidential Debates is used to show __________.

A. the presidential debates were always fierce

B. the debates always attracted a wide audience

C. the voters paid more attention to the candidates’debating skills

D. the voters’opinions were affected by the candidates’non-verbal communication

61. Salespeople can close sales effectively because they can __________.

A. perform body language well

B. notice their customers’body language

C. adjust their body language to their customers’
    D. understand what their customers’are saying

62. Charles Darwin wrote the book The Expressions in Man and Animals to _________.

A. report his research on body language

B. conclude man can learn a lot from animals

C. teach people how to communicate with animals

D. show the big difference between man and animals
    
    C 
    难度:★★★

In the US and Canada winter swimmers are called Polar Bears, but in Finland they’re just called Finns. Why and how do people swim in near-freezing water during the winter?
     An ice hole in a lake, sub-zero (零度以下的) temperatures, a bathing suit, a wool cap, gloves, and shoes are for some people the perfect conditions for a quick dip in the water. Winter swimming is an activity that I never thought of before moving to Finland, but those who take part in the cold-water sport absolutely love it.
     My Finnish friend Katariina is the winter swimming leader of a group of international friends. She has been winter swimming for three years, and says, "every time I get out of the water, I have a new level of energy. "Katariina has persuaded many people, both Finns and foreigners, to try this sport, and has a group of winter swimming lovers who swim with her twice per week.
     The best conditions for winter swimming are -15 to -20 degrees with no wind. Katariina says that the hardest part, especially for beginners, is to psych (做好思想准备) yourself up for the water; but once you do, it feels great. Swimmers only stay in the water for 30-60 seconds before getting out, getting dressed, and heading to the comfort of their warm cars. Winter swimmers do not put their heads in the water in case of hypothermia (体温过低).
     Katariina says that foreigners who go winter swimming feel proud of themselves, and happy that they have tried it at least once.

 63. What are Finns and Polar Bears, according to this passage?

A. They are people who love winter swimming.

B. The names of animals living in Finland and at the South Pole.

C. They are beginners at winter swimming.
    D. The people of Finland.

64. What are perfect conditions for winter swimming?
    A. A lake with ice, but warm weather.

B. A warm car, and a frozen lake nearby.

C. An icy lake of -15℃to -20℃without wind.
     D. A bathing suit, a wool cap and gloves.

65. What’s the most difficult for winter swimming beginners?
     A. Preparing things for winter swimming.

B. Persuading themselves to get into the winter.

C. Getting into the water again.

D. Staying longer in the water.
    
    第四部分写作(共两节,满分25分)
     第一节短文改错(10小题;每小题1,满分10)

One day, a old man was in a hurry to cross the street.           66. _______

He saw a car come. "Never mind," he thought. "I can               67. _______

run cross before it reaches me." He was wrong. Fortunately         68. _______

the driver stopped the car in time, and he didn’t have            69. _______

time to think of the cars that was behind him. As a                70. _______

result, the second car ran into the first one and the              71. _______

third car ran into a post by roadside. All of the                    72. _______

cars were broking. The drivers were all very angry.                  73. _______

They quarreled with one another, and shouting at the                 74. _______

old man, but none of them could do anything until the police has arrived to solve the matter.                                                              75. _______
    
    第二节书面表达(满分15)
     假如你是李华,你刚得知你们班的英国朋友Bob出了事故,对此你和你的同学们都感到很难过,现在同学们决定让你代表他们给Bob写一封慰问信。信的内容如下:

1.所有同学对他都表示同情,打算星期五下午派你为代表去看望他并给他带去他喜欢读的书;

2.让他不要担心学习,等他出院后,你们会帮他赶上;如果有什么需要你们做的事情,请他告知;

3.希望他在病床上不要过于悲伤,祝愿他早日康复。

注意:(1) 参考词汇:on behalf of 代表;
     (2)词数:100左右。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    
    阅读附加题
    
    Diving around Halaveli Island was a really unforgettable experience. I participated in a day diving trip that had lunch on the boat. We went to Maalhoss Thila first. The current (水流) can be very strong here but we were lucky and had a mild one. We enjoyed all the different colors of coral and fish. The maximum depth of this dive was 30m, and we stayed for about 40 minutes. The water was reasonably warm, so I was not cold only wearing a short-sleeved wetsuit.
     I was a bit worried about having lunch on the boat, as sometimes my stomach feels bad, but it was perfectly fine this time —perhaps because the boat had not stopped and was moving toward the other dive place, or because the size of the boat was reasonably large.
     Our next diving place was called Manta. And as expected, the huge Manta was soon around us. It is one of the most exciting moments I have had in my life. We only dove to 14m this time, which allowed us to stay a bit longer —almost 50 minutes.
     On the way back all the women took strategic position on the deck, sunbathing and relaxing, while the men were getting bored and ate the leftovers from lunch. No matter how different we were, we all enjoyed our trip.
     Another dive I would like to recommend(推荐)is called Maaya Thila, and it is the best night dive I have ever had. We saw a huge turtle sleeping in a cave, and sharks playfully chasing each other. They did not look friendly at all, but fortunately they did not decided to have us for dinner. But anyway what happened that night under water will remain a fond memory to be retold on special occasions by all the participants. It will be told with a smile on our faces.

1. What information can we get from the passage?
   A. The author enjoyed different colors of fish in Manta.

B. Diving in Maaya Thila is one of the most unforgettable experience for the author.

C. The author dove into Maaya Thila and stayed there for 50 minutes.
   D. There were no dangerous sharks in Maaya Thila.

2. The author was worried about having lunch on the boat because __________.

A. the boat was not stopped

B. it was moving toward the other dive place

C. the boat was not big enough
     D. he / she felt sick when eating on boats

3. How many diving places are mentioned in the passage?
     A. 1.     B. 2.     C. 3.     D. 4.

4. We learn from the last paragraph that ________.
    A. Maaya Thila was only suitable for a night dive

B. many people had been killed at Maaya Thila

C. Maaya Thila is popular among all the participants
     D. few people have the courage to dive at Maaya Thila

5. The author wrote this passage to ________.
    A. share some wonderful experiences of diving with readers

B. make an attractive advertisement for a famous park

C. give you some tips when you go out for a dive

D. tell the readers how to spend a weekend or a long holiday
    

 

参考答案xkb1.com
1-5 BACCB 6-10 BCCBA11-15 BCBAB 16-20 BACAA

21-25 BDBCD 26-30 CBABA 31-35 CBCCD

36-40 CDACA 41-45 BBCDC 46-50 ABADC 51-55 DBCAD

56-60 DBCCD 61-65 CAACB

短文改错

66. 第一个a →an 67. come →coming 68. cross →across 69. and →but 70. was →were

71. √72. roadside前加the 73. broking→broken 74. shouting→shouted 75. 去掉has

书面表达(One possible version)

Dear Bob,
     We were just told about the accident you had. I’m sorry to hear about it and our other classmates are all sad about the news. I’m going to see you on behalf of others on this Friday afternoon. I will bring you a couple of books you will enjoy. We will help you to catch up in school as soon as you are out of hospital. If there is anything else we can do for you, please let me know.
     All of us send our best wishes for your quick recovery. Don’t worry about your studies.
     We do hope that you will not be too sad in bed and that you will recover soon.

Sincerely yours,

Li Hua

 

阅读附加题:

1-5 BDCCA
    
   听力原文
    Text1
     W: Why didn’t you show up for class this morning?
     M: I don’t even want to talk about it.
     My car broke down.


     Text2www.xkb1.com
     M: Mum, it’s a quarter to 6 now. Time for the CBS TV show!
     W: Not exactly, honey, our clock is 15 minutes fast.


     Text3
     W: I had a great time in Australia. I met a very cute old man with eyes like a koala.
     M: What’s his name?
     W: I forgot his name, so I just call him "Koala Man".


     Text4
     M: Don’t you like my friends, Lily?
     W: They’re great! But I think Simon is a pain; he likes to make fun of others.


     Text5
     W: I’ve been training for over 20 days to be a volunteer, but only for a 10-minute   

show.
     M: You must be tired out.
     W: Oh, it’s not so bad. I like to work as a team.


     Text6
     M: I think I’d like to be in IT.
     W: That’s good work, but you know, every coin has two sides. My brother works in    

IT, usually a hard 15-hour day. He was found to have high blood pressure when he was only 25.

M: Well, what should I do then?
      W: Don’t be worried. Just take care of your health, have regular meals and
        sleep well, and then everything should be OK.


     Text7
     W: Hi, you’re new, aren’t you?
     M: Yes, I am. And I like making friends.
     W: Me too. Do you have any hobbies?
     M: Yes, I like sports very much. I like baseball a lot —but I guess I like tennis        better.
     W: Do you often play tennis?
     M: Yes, quite a bit. How about a game sometime after class?
     W: Sorry. I’m strictly a spectator —tennis, football, baseball, basketball,   

golf ... I watch them all, but I don’t do any sports myself.


     Text8
     W: I am sorry to say I have a problem. You work in the school and you educate the  

kids well.
     M: Yes. Quite right. What’s up?
     W: Well. My son is always studying Chinese rather than other subjects after school.  

I want him to do well in all subjects.
     M: That’s not common for a kid of his age. Do you often tell him stories before

school?
     W: Yes. I like Chinese too. I think this may affect him a little.
     M: That’s it. Tomorrow bring your son here and I’ll talk with him. I’m sure we

can find him other interests.
     W: Thank you very much.


     Text9
     W: I’m working on an article about growing older. Can you give me some tips?
     M: Err ... I can tell you how I feel about it.
     W: Sure, go ahead.
     M: As I get older, I get a better understanding of the world. It’s not as
       simple as I thought 10 years ago.
     W: So is life getting better or worse, in your eyes?
     M: I’d say I’m getting better at enjoying the present.
     W: What about other people? Do you think they all agree with you?
     M: I can’t say, but it seems that lots of people get better with age.
     W: I see. But I find it hard to get older.
     M: It’s natural. Nobody would refuse to stay young, but you will understand
         more about the world.
     W: Thank you. What you’ve said does help me a lot.
     M: Well, I hope so. Good luck to you!


     Text10新课标第一网
     Trying to get bigger? We have some eating and exercising tips that will help
 you gain weight! First, to build muscle mass you have to do the right exercise. Weight training is good because it uses resistance which builds muscle mass. Make sure to ask
your coaches, PE teacher or a doctor for help before using weights —they can be dangerous to your health if you don’t use them the right way, or if you’re too young. Second, cut out foods that are fried, like French fries, chicken nuggets and fish sticks. Choose healthy foods like baked chicken, fish and potatoes. Then, make sure to drink healthy beverages like water, milk and fruit juice. Stay away from high-sugar sodas —they add bad calories and have no nutrition. It’s also a good idea to eat a lot of protein, 30 minutes after a workout. Once again, this will help build muscle mass. If you eat a lot of healthy food and mix it in with weight training or resistance-based exercises, you will gain good weight.

 

 
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