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2012年外研版高中英语必修一学案 Module 5
  发布者:学科专家   来源:第一论文网  发布时间:2012-09-10

辽宁省大连市第24中学高一同步学案   必修1  Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

                                  

话题:1. A lesson in a lab 实验室里的一堂课

      2. Preparing a report on a simple scientific experiment

准备一篇关于简单的科学试验的报告。

功能:Words and expressions of sequence 表示顺序的词或短语

须掌握的句型:

 1. It is hard to think of a world without metals.

 2. Add some oil to the water.

 3. I’m going to try to go to either Montreal or Ottawa University, as both are supposed to have good Physics Department.

 4. It’s your turn.

 5. You’ve got it.

须掌握的语法:

 比较级结构

  1.“比较级 + than”结构

  2.less + 原级 + than”的结构

  3. the + 比较级(+主语+谓语),the +比较级(+主语+谓语)”的结构

  4. “比较级+ and +比较级”结构

  5. 表示倍数

第一课时词汇

词汇拓展:

  1.liquid        (反义词)        

2.expand        (反义词)

3.mixture        (v.)         

4.conclusion        (v.)

5.react        (n.)           

6.equipment        (v.)

7.partial        (n.)         

8.electricity        (adj.)

9.describe         (n.)        

10.ordinary         (同义词)         adv.

11.astonished        (v.)       

12.aim        (adj.)        (adv. )

13.exist       (n.)

 

 

 

须掌握的短语:

 1.add…       ……加入……         2.         to  过去常常

 3.         the area of………领域   4.be proud      ……感到骄傲

 5. be supposed        应当,理应    6.at         至少

 7.draw a        得出结论          8.make         确信

 9.       …or…或者或者     10. be astonished      …...感到吃惊

 11. find        查明             12. aim        瞄准,针对

 13. put…       ……按顺序放好   14. keep…      保持在外

 15.write        写下,记下        16.          the air在空中

 17.       the past…years在过去的年里  18.go        用吧;行

 19. learn        学习       20.         an experiment 做试验

 

须掌握的单词:

1.       液体 n.                        

2. 膨胀 vi.            

3.       收缩 vi.                       

4. 物质 n.           

5.       混合物 n.                        

6. 氧气 n.            

7.       n.                         

8. 阶段;时期 n.          

9.       结论n.                     

10. 目标,目的 n.           

11.   反应 n.                    

12. 设备,装备 n.           

  13. 部分的,局部的 adj.           

14. 煮沸,煮 vt.          

  15. 普通的,平常的 adj.           

16.蒸汽;水气 n.          

  17. 漂浮 n.                      

18.形成 vi.          

  19. 溶解分解分离 vi            

20.天平n.           

  21.火焰 n.                         

22.演讲 n.          

  23.(大学的)科、系 n.             

24.吃惊的,惊愕的 adj.         

 

第二、三课时课文理解及配套练习

佳句背诵:

 1.很难想象一个没有金属的世界会是什么样子。

 

 

2. 当我们使用金属时,懂得它们与不同的物质是怎样发生反应的,比如水和氧气,是很重要的。

 

 

3.金属与这些物质的反应程度可以按顺序排列起来。

 

4.在水中加一些油。

 

5.将水煮3分钟(这可以确保水中没有空气)

 

 

6.科技设备非常好,有配有最新设备的实验室。

 

 

7.事实是,加拿大有许多一流的科学家。

 

 

8.诺贝尔奖是现有最高奖 项,因此我们应该引以为自豪

 

 

知识点配套练习:

1. A balloon         as it is filled with air.

  A. is increased   B. increase   C. expands   D. is expanded

2. 改错

(1) How did your mother react with the news?

(2) Applause reacts against a speaker.

(3) The students reacted on the political system.

3. The workers went to strike to          the price policy.

  A. react on   B. react with   C. react to   D. react against

4. (1) Say numbers           (按顺序).

(2) I can’t get in touch with him now, because my telephone is          .(出了故障)

(3) The room is            .(乱七八糟)

(4) He         with that factory.(……定购了500辆自行车)

5. (1) These figures don’t           (加起来) right.

(2) His whole school education         (合计) no more than one year.

6.翻译句子

 1301/5是多少?

 

2100030%是多少?

 

3)我们市的人口是多少?

7. The scientist also        other experiments.

  A. made   B. carried out   C. performed   D. ABC

8.Do remember to take this medicine three times a day with warm boiled water.

        .

  A. Heard it.   B. Got it.   C. Made it.   D. Taken it.

9. There are often some fields        the scientists devote all their lives to doing some researches.

  A. on which   B. which   C. that   D. in which

10. Water        electricity widely all over the world.

  A. is used to produce      B. is used to producing

C. used to produce        D. used to producing

11.astonish, surprise, shock, amaze的适当形式填空.

 (1 ) To my       , the door was unlocked.

(2) He was         to see his father there.

(3) His death was a great         to the family.

(4) We are all         that he won the first place.

12. (1) Neither you nor Tom      (be) interested in pop music.

(2) Both you and he       (be) right.

13.        she doesn’t come, we will still go. Which one is WRONG?

  A. If      B. Suppose   C. Supposing   D. Though

14. All her neighbors         her to be a good girl.

  A. thought   B. supposed   C. imagined   D. AB

15. My brother is         than I.

  A. older two years         B. two years older

C. two years elder         D. elder two years

16. There are          magazines in our library than in yours.

  A. a less   B. less   C. a fewer   D. fewer

17. The city of Beijing is getting        .

  A. more beautiful and beautiful   B. beautifuler an d beautifuler

 C. more and more beautiful      D. more beautiful and more beautiful

18. This house is           that one.

  A. three times the size of        B. 3 times as large as

C. twice larger than            D. ABC

19. The earth is nearly          the moon.

  A. 50 time the size of           B. 50 times the size of

C. 50 times as size as           D. 50 times as that of

20. With the help o f the German experts, the factory produced        cars in 1998 as the year before.

  A. as twice as many            B. as many as twice

C. as twice as much            D. twice as many

21. It was         as I had ever spent.

  A. so a pleasant day            B. as a pleasant day

C. as pleasant a day             D. a day as pleasant

22.What do you think of his opinion?

―None has given me           piece of advice.

A. a better   B. a best   C. the best   D. the better

 

 

第四课时写作

美文背诵:

Thank Your Lucky Stars  

I remember when I was a young boy, life was tough. My parents made me do many things for them. For example, they had me do the laundry, the dishes and the house cleaning. They even got me to work part-time to help with the family expenses. If I was naughty, they would spank me. They would not let me go outside the house for days.

Nowadays, life is quite different for kids. Parents can't force them to do anything. On the contrary, it seems as if children can get their parents to do anything for them. Parents and teachers are even afraid to spank children for fear of being sued. It amazes me, therefore, whenever I hear youngsters complain. Instead, they should be thanking their lucky stars.

 

dutiful son 孝子

tough = hard 艰苦的     饰人:凶恶的

for example = for instance

do two loads of laundry 洗两份量的衣服

 do the studying

不说:do laundry, do dishes  要加定冠词或其他修饰词

part-time  a./adv. 兼职的,部分时间地   full-time

  make part-time 兼职的

spank sb. 打屁股

spare the rod, spoil the child. 孩子不打不成器

obedient  adj.服从的, 孝顺的

For fe ar of failing, Ted stayed up study/studying all night. 唯恐/以免

He sued me for breaking the contract. 他控告我违约.

on the contrary = instead 相反的

 

写作指导:

 请根据下列表格中的内容,写一篇短文,说明整个试验的内容。

试验目的

不打烂鸡蛋取走蛋壳

试验用品

一只玻璃杯,一个小煮锅(saucepan),水,一个鸡蛋,约250毫升醋

试验步骤

1.先把鸡蛋在锅中煮十五分钟左右。xkb1.com

2.把鸡蛋放在玻璃杯中。

3.往玻璃杯中 放醋,醋要漫过鸡蛋。

4.把鸡蛋在醋中浸泡24小时。

试验结果

24小时后蛋壳完全消失

试验结论

醋中的酸性物质与蛋壳中的碳酸钙反应升成二氧化碳,蛋壳消失。

方法提示:

 1.本模块的写作要求是写一篇有关试验的短文,这属于说明文体裁。这样的文章不带任何个人感情色彩,不需要生动的细节和背景,纯粹是客观的阐述。它以传授知识为主要目的,其最大特点就是知识性。另外,描述试验的短文也是一种比较严谨的题材,写作的内容要真实可靠,措词要准确恰当。这类文章的语言特点就是:(1)时态主要用一般现在时。(2)一般使用第二人称。

 2.这是一篇以表格的形式展现内容要点的实验说明文,需要客观的介绍整个过程。叙述要严格按照实验目的、实验用品、实验步骤、实验结果和实验结论的顺序依次进行,不能顺序颠倒。写作过程中可适当使用表示顺序的词语,使叙述条理,清楚明了。

3.写作策略和常用词汇和句型

  1)开篇首先说明试验的目的。常用The aim of the experiment is to…来表示。

2)接着说明实验用品。常用句型:To do/ conduct/ perform/ carry out the experiment, you need…

3)试验方法或试验过程是重点内容,一定要把握好写作顺序。这一部分常用下列过渡词(词组):first, next, after that, now, finally等。

4)实验结果和结论部分的表达也要准确,首先把试验结果说清楚,结论部分一般要说明引起上述结果的原因。

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案

词汇拓展:

1. solid  2. contract    3. mix   4. conclude  5. reaction  6. equipment 7. part   8. electricity 

9. description    10. common/usual  ordinarily 11. astonish  12. aimless (adj.) / aimlessly (adv.) 13.existence

 

须掌握的短语:

1. to     2. used   3. in   4. of   5. to   6. least  7. conclusion  8. sure

  9. either   10. at   11. out   12. at  13. in order  14. out of  15. down 

  16. in  17. in   18. ahead   19. from  20. do/ make/ carry out/ perform

 

须掌握的单词

  1. liquid   2. expand    3. contract    4. substance  5. mixture   6. oxygen

  7. electricity   8. stage   9. conclusion  10. aim   11. reaction 

  12. equipment  13. partial   14. boil   15. ordinary  16. steam  17. float 

  18. form   19. dissolve  20. balance   21. flame  22. lecture  23. department   24. astonished   

 
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