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【2012浙江】高中英语教学策略作业
  作者: 庄飞燕  发布时间:2012-12-28

通过这次培训,进一步了解教师在进行语法教学时,教学设计时应突出语境的作用,在语境中体会,在语境中学习。因此我认真学习培训内容,参考了许多同仁的教学方法结合自己的学生实际设计了关于虚拟语气的高三语法任务型教学复习课-虚拟语气在if条件句中的运用

1.首先选用“if I could”作为热身。要求学生在欣赏歌曲的同时,写出歌词中空缺的单词。该歌曲能紧密结合本课时的教学内容,在激活学生原有相关知识的同时,集中学生的注意力,振奋精神,激发了学习兴趣和学习虚拟语气语法规则的欲望,并且为后面的教学活动做铺垫。在播放完歌曲之后,抽取其中一句If I could, I would teach you all things I’ve never learned.写在黑板上,并提出问题: What grammar item is used in this sentence? Can you find more sentences where this grammar item is used in this song? 通过歌曲欣赏和问题回答,笔者自然地引导学生开始复习虚拟语气。

  2. 接下去(1)要求学生在90秒钟之内完成如下matching练习。匹配练习相对来说比较简单,绝大多数学生能够在规定时间之内正确完成练习。

Beginnings…

… endings

1. If I were an artist,

2. We would have been neighbors

3. If we had arrived earlier,

4. If I lived in a big house,

5.If you should be free tomorrow,

6. If he had taken the medicine,

7. If he were to take part in the game,

8.If she came here tomorrow,

9. If I won a lot of money,

a. we wouldn’t have missed our plane.

b. I might never work again.

c. he would have felt better.

d. she might tell me that.

e. if they had bought the house.

f. I could paint a picture of you.

g. we could go shopping.

h. we would fight hard.

i. I would invite you to stay.

Keys : 1-f  2-e   3-a   4-i    5-g    6-c    7-h    8-d    9-b

2)将matching练习中的9个句子按照“对现在\过去\将来的虚拟”进行分类,并划出句子中的谓语动词。

Type 1-对现在的虚拟】

For example:    1. If I lived in a big house, I would invite you to stay.

2. If I were an artist, I could paint a picture of you.

3. If I won a lot of money, I might never work again.

Type 2-对过去的虚拟】

For example:    1. If they had bought the house, we would have been neighbors

2. If we had arrived earlier, we would not have missed our plane.

3. If he had taken the medicine, he would have felt better.

Type3-对将来的虚拟】

For example:    1. If you should be free tomorrow, we could go shopping.

2.If he were to take part in the game, we would fight hard.

3. If she came here tomorrow, she might tell me that.

3)发现归纳语言规则。在前两个练习的基础上,要求学生分析并归纳if虚拟条件句中从句和主句谓语动词的规律并填写如下表格。

情况

从句动词形式

主句动词形式

与现在事实相反

1) did

2) were               

would (could/should/might) + do

与过去事实相反

 had done

would (could/should/might) + have done

与将来事实相反

1) did

2) were to do

3) should do

would (could/should/might) + do

3.创设语言输出机会,内化语法规则,培养语感。

1Speaking

    上本节课时,恰逢是在河南一彩民独中3.6亿大奖不久并在网络上引起“如果你中了3.6亿,你会怎么花”的热烈讨论,大多数学生也知道这一新闻消息。为此笔者利用机会,要求学生就“If I won a lottery prize total of 360 million,…”这一话题进行讨论,检查学生能否真正理解并运用虚拟语气的语法意义。

2Writing.

要求学生完成短文填空。笔者创设了练习语言的语境,设置了悬念-what is Penny’s dream使学生带着悬念和兴趣阅读语篇。

Penny is a girl who likes to make dreams. Now fill in the blanks, and you will know what her dreams is.

I do wish I were a princess. If I were (be) a princess, I _would know (know) a lot of princes and I would choose the handsomest prince. Suppose I _married (marry) a prince, we would have a couple of little prince and princess. That’s really interesting.

If I had known (know) my desire before, I _would have been born__ (be born) in a royal family 25 years ago. However, all of these are not true but I still know what I can do to fulfill my dream. If I _lived/were to live/should live_ (live) in London in the future, I would visit the palace every day. I wish I could meet Prince William.

The newspaper says he _is_(be) single now so I will have a chance to know him. If he _fell (fall) in love with me, I would get married to him. What if I _never met/should never met_(never meet ) my own prince?

4. 布置作业

要求学生翻译成英语,有以下两个目的:

(1)    检查学生能否正确运用if虚拟条件句(, )并辨别虚拟条件句和真实条件句(⑩)

(2)    检查学生对虚拟语气在其他句型中的掌握情况,为下一个课时的复习做铺垫。

①还有七个月我就要参加高考了,现在是在学习上全力以赴的时候了。②我后悔把本应该用在学习上的时间浪费在玩电脑游戏上了。③如果两年前我能像现在一样用功,现在的成绩会令人满意得多。④不过,后悔是没有用的。⑤如果可能的话,我现在愿意每天24小时都花在学习上。⑥我的老师建议我制定一个学习计划并认真执行。⑦我也下定决心刻苦学习。⑧出乎我的意料,在最近一次的英语考试中,我得到全班最高分,这给了我极大的鼓舞。⑨现在,我学习起来好像永不疲倦一样。⑩如果我能坚持下去,我相信我会取得成功。

 
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